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Great Curassow - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by megan perkins
La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica, March 2010
Crax rubra


Male 87–92 cm, female 78–84 cm
Male: all black, yellow cere


Central and South America:
Central America: found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Ecuador and Brazil


Photo © by firecrest15
La Selva Bio Research Station, eastern Costa Rica, May 2009


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • C. r. rubra:
  • C. r. griscomi:
  • Cozumel Island (off Yucatán coast of Mexico). Smaller, female legs may be yellowish and some other minor plumage differences. Population around 300 but declining, likely due to poaching[4]


Humid rainforests, lowland coastal jungle.



Their diet consists of fruit and figs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)
  4. see: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272886163_The_Cozumel_Curassow_Abundance_habitat_preference_and_conservation

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