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Jackson's Hornbill - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Steve G
Lake Baringo, Kenya, July 2010
Tockus jacksoni


35cm. A small, pied Hornbill.

  • White underparts
  • Black wings with spotting on wing-coverts
  • Long black tail, outer rectrices white
  • White head with black around eye and on crown
  • Red bill and casque with yellow outer half
  • Fleshy throat skin

Females are smaller and have a smaller black bill and casque.
Juveniles have a small dark horn bill with yellow patches.

Male and Female
Photo by Larry Lade
Lake Baringo Lodge, Kenya, February 2004


From South Sudan to northeast Uganda and in northwest Kenya.
Widespread and locally common.


This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered a subspecis of Von der Decken's Hornbill.


Thorn scrub and similar arid habitats.


The diet includes insects, fruit and seeds.
Forages mainly on ground but also high up in fruiting trees.
Breeding season February to July. 2-4 white eggs are laid in a tree hole, which is blocked off with a cement made of mud, droppings and fruit pulp. There is only one narrow opening, just big enough for the male to transfer food to the mother and the chicks. Once the chicks and the female are too big to fit in the nest, the mother breaks out and rebuilds the wall, then both parents feed the chicks.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306

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