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Lesser Honeyguide - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Max1
West Coast National Park, South Africa Nov ember 2019
Indicator minor

Identification

14–16 cm (5½-6¼ in)

  • Greyish-green upperparts
  • White loral spot
  • White outer tail feathers visible in flight

Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa except for coastal West Africa, Congo Basin and desert areas in the Horn of Africa and southern Africa.

Taxonomy

I. m. teitensis
Photo © by Alan Manson
Kruger National Park, South Africa, 22 September 2007

Subspecies

Indicator minor has 6 subspecies[1]:

Habitat

Woodland, savanna, forest edges, riverine forest, plantations, parks and wooded gardens; seldom strays far from cover.

Behaviour

This bird does not guide to bees nests but tends to catch insects in flycatcher fashion.

Diet

Their main diet consists of beeswax, with the addition of some bees, including sweatbees.

Breeding

Like the other Honeyguides it is a brood parasite of other hole and cavity nesters such as barbets and bee-eaters. Honeyguide chicks hatch with a pronounced hook to the bill-tip which they use to wound & kill the young of the host species.

Vocalisation

Characteristic hip, hip, hip" repeated up to 40 times.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Short, L.L., Horne, J.F.M. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56114 on 2 February 2020)

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