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Lineated Woodpecker

From Opus

Adult malePhoto © by Celso ParisSorocaba, Sao PauloBrazil, 2016
Adult male
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao PauloBrazil, 2016
Dryocopus lineatus

Hylatomus lineatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto ©  by Glen TepkePipeline Road, Soberania National Park, Panama, January 2004
Female
Photo © by Glen Tepke
Pipeline Road, Soberania National Park, Panama, January 2004

30–36 cm (11¾-14¼ in)
Male
Black upperparts, with a white stripe on the scapulars.
The head is mostly black with a white stripe from the base of the bill continuing below the eye (this section missing in some subspecies), and down the side of the neck, a red malar stripe, and red on crown, crest and nape.
On the underside, the throat is patterned black and white, breast is black, but abdomen is barred in black and either whitish or buff.
Female is missing the malar stripe and has a larger black area on the forehead.

[edit] Variations

The ochraceous tinge to the usually white moustachial and neck striping is a well-known feature on some birds of the erythrops race. Interestingly, this colour variation is also present in the similis race found in Costa Rica and north into Mexico. The belly carries a similar colouration. It was not long ago scientists were using this colour morph as a supporting feature in the proposal to elevate erythrops to full species status.[4]

[edit] Distribution

Western Mexico, Central America, South America, Argentina and Trinidad.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

  • D. l. scapularis:
  • West Mexico (southern Sonora to Oaxaca)
  • D. l. similis:
  • East Mexico (Tamaulipas) to north-western Costa Rica
  • D. l. lineatus:
  • D. l. fuscipennis:
  • Arid littoral of western Ecuador and north-western Peru
  • D. l. erythrops:
  • South East Brazil to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina

[edit] Habitat

Forest and second-growth, but also other more open habitats.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Forages both low and high in trees for insects such as beetles, wood-boring larvae and ants.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2018)
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Chris Holtby

[edit] External Links

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