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Black upperparts, white stripe on the scapulars, black head with white stripe from the base of the bill continuing below the eye, red malar stripe, and red on crown, crest and nape. On the underside, the throat is patterned black and white, breast is black, abdomen is barred in black and either whitish or buff. Female is missing the malar stripe and has a larger black area on the forehead.
Dryocopus lineatus scapularis W Mexico (s Sonora to Oaxaca) Dryocopus lineatus similis E Mexico (Tamaulipas) to nw Costa Rica Dryocopus lineatus lineatus E Costa Rica to w Colombia, e Peru, n Paraguay and e Brazil Dryocopus lineatus fuscipennis Arid littoral of w Ecuador and nw Peru Dryocopus lineatus erythrops SE Brazil to e Paraguay and ne Argentina
Forest and second-growth, but also other more open habitats.
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