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Long-crested Eagle - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by safariranger
Magoebaskloof, South Africa, 7 May 2006
Lophaetus occipitalis

Identification

50–58 cm (19¾-22¾ in)

  • Dark brown or black overall plumage
  • Broad rounded wings
  • White patches at the joint of the wing both above and below
  • White under-wing coverts spotted with black
  • White base to the tail
  • Golden to reddish brown eyes
  • Yellow cere and feet


Immatures can be differentiated from the adult by the neck feathers having whiter tips, a less noticeable crest, and a more mottled appearance. The eyes are dark olive-brown, the feet and cere pale ochre-yellow.

Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa: widespread from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and the Cape. Absent from the most arid areas of the Horn of Africa and the south-west.

Taxonomy

Photo © by peterday
Kruger National Park, South Africa January 2019

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Woodland, forest edge and plantations, cultivated areas with trees and swampy grasslands, from sea-level up to 3,000m.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet consists mostly of small rodents and shrews in addition they will also eat lizards, small snakes and small mammals.

Breeding

They generally lay during the wet season. Both adults construct the nest in a tree, about two feet across by a foot deep; made of small sticks, and with a deep central cup about one foot across, lined with green leaves. The clutch contains 1-2 white eggs, marked brown, grey, lilac, which are incubated by the female.

Movements

Resident and in some areas, nomadic.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2019)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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