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New Caledonian Friarbird

From Opus

AdultPhoto © by TanagerRivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 9 October 2005
Photo © by Tanager
Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 9 October 2005
Philemon diemenensis


[edit] Identification

27–32 cm. (10¾-12½in.)

  • Dark browni above
  • Long stout bill.
  • Pale stripe on ear coverts.
  • Blue-grey fringes on wings and tail.
  • Streaky, silvery breast extends over buffy-brown belly.

Juveniles lack breast streaks and have plainer head.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to New Caledonia

[edit] Taxonomy

Forms a superspecies with Little Friarbird.
This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Common in forests, but mostly in open habitats. They often forage in gardens around human dwellings.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Insects, nectar and fruit. Probes flowers for nectar. Has been seen to sally out for insects over water.

[edit] Breeding

Nest is a thick-walled, unlined, woven cup made of twigs and leaves.

[edit] Vocalisation

A variety of loud, raucous squeaks and disjointed calls.

[edit] Movements


[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.
  3. Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2019). New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 2 December 2019).

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