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Pied Bushchat - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Romy Ocon
Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, July 2005
Saxicola caprata


Subspecies S. c. randi, female
Photo © by Bobby6425
Tabunan, Cebu, Philippines, September 2009

13–14 cm (5-5½ in)

  • Mainly black
  • White rump, wing patch and lower belly


  • Dark brown upperparts
  • Rufous underparts and rump
  • Lacks the white wing patches

Juveniles similar to females

Similar Species

Slightly smaller than the Siberian Stonechat


Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh eastwards to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.


Subspecies rossorum
Photo © by Seyed Babak Mus
Bazangan lake, Iran, Spring 2005


Subspecies S. c. burmanicus, juvenile
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, June-2017

There are 16 subspecies[1]:

  • S. c. rossorum: Transcaspia to eastern Iran, Afghanistan and northern Kashmir
  • S. c. bicolor: Males: vermiculated dark grey upperparts; Pakistan to Baluchistan and Kashmir; winters to central India
  • S. c. burmanicus: Central India to south-western China, Myanmar, northern Thailand and Indochina
  • S. c. nilgiriensis: Southern India (western Madras and Kerala)
  • S. c. atratus: Sri Lanka
  • S. c. caprata: Northern Philippines (Luzon, Lubang and Mindoro)
  • S. c. randi : Philippines (Negros, Bohol, Masbate, Ticao, Cebu, Siquijor)
  • S. c. anderseni: Southern Philippines (Mindanao, Camiguin Sur, Leyte and Biliran)
  • S. c. fruticola: Java, Bali. Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Lomblen and Alor
  • S. c. pyrrhonotus: Lesser Sundas (Kisar, Wetar, Sawu, Semau, Rote and Timor)
  • S. c. francki: Sumba Island (Lesser Sundas)
  • S. c. cognatus: Babar Island (Lesser Sundas)
  • S. c. albonotatus: Sulawesi, Salayar and Butung islands
  • S. c. aethiops: Northern New Guinea and New Britain (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • S. c. belensis: Central mountains of New Guinea (Wissel Lakes to Snow Mountains)
  • S. c. wahgiensis: Central highlands of New Guinea to Huon Peninsula and south-eastern mountains


Scrub, rough grassland and cultivation.


Both males and females perch on grass stems, rocks and other vantage points where they drop down for insects or catch them on the wing. In the breeding season the males will drive off competitors often followed by the female and sing from exposed perches. Not shy and can be very approachable.


It builds its nest in a hole in a wall or similar site, and lays 2-5 eggs.


This species is insectivorous, and like other chats hunts from a prominent low perch

Juvenile (possibly juvenile)
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, India, August 2014


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. AvianWeb

Recommended Citation

External Links

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