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Plumbeous Water Redstart

From Opus

Alternative name: Plumbeous Redstart

Nominate subspecies, MalePhoto by Alok TewariRiver Shipra, Dist. Nainital, Alt. 4500 ft., Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, April-2015
Nominate subspecies, Male
Photo by Alok Tewari
River Shipra, Dist. Nainital, Alt. 4500 ft., Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, April-2015
Phoenicurus fuliginosa

Phoenicurus fuliginosus Rhyacornis fuliginosa

Contents

[edit] Identification

12-14 cm (4¾-5½ in), 13-23 g. Strong sexual dimorphism
Male: tail, rump, and vent are reddish-rufous, the remainder of the plumage a rich, dark slate-blue.

Female: bases of outer tail feathers, rump, and vent white, remainder of tail black; grey above, pale eye-ring; wings black with white tips; throat, breast, and belly plumage white with dark feather edges, giving a strongly scaled appearance.
Both sexes have black bills, feet brown.

[edit] Similar Species

Male has a solid rufous tail, lacking the dark central tail feathers of most other redstart species. Female somewhat resembles Little Forktail, but the latter has a white crown and a white wing-band extending to the back.

[edit] Distribution

Resident through the Himalayas from Pakistan to northern Indochina, Hainan and Taiwan, northward through all of eastern and central China as far as Hebei Province and Beijing.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Rhyacornis.

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognised[1]:

Nominate subspecies JuvenileAlok TewariRiver Shipra, Dist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 4500 ft., India, April-2009
Nominate subspecies Juvenile
Alok Tewari
River Shipra, Dist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 4500 ft., India, April-2009

[edit] Habitat

Almost exclusively found on fast-flowing alpine streams; an altitudinal migrant from 1000-4300 m. Perches on shrubs near stream, or on boulders in the water.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually abundant in suitable habitat. Both sexes flirt the tail often as they move from rock to rock in alpine streams, and territorial displays are frequent. Often found with dippers or White-capped Water-Redstart.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects, particularly caddis flies and their larvae, mayflies and midges. They often hawk small insects from low perches on stones or shrubs. They will also eat berries and seeds occasionally.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: a rapid metallic streee-treee-tree-treeeh, call note a sharp ziet, ziet.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)

[edit] External Links


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