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Plumbeous Water Redstart
Alternative name: Plumbeous Redstart
Phoenicurus fuliginosus Rhyacornis fuliginosa
12-14 cm (4Â¾-5Â½ in), 13-23 g. Strong sexual dimorphism
Female: bases of outer tail feathers, rump, and vent white, remainder of tail black; grey above, pale eye-ring; wings black with white tips; throat, breast, and belly plumage white with dark feather edges, giving a strongly scaled appearance.
 Similar Species
Male has a solid rufous tail, lacking the dark central tail feathers of most other redstart species. Female somewhat resembles Little Forktail, but the latter has a white crown and a white wing-band extending to the back.
Formerly placed in genus Rhyacornis.
Two subspecies are recognised:
Almost exclusively found on fast-flowing alpine streams; an altitudinal migrant from 1000-4300 m. Perches on shrubs near stream, or on boulders in the water.
Usually abundant in suitable habitat. Both sexes flirt the tail often as they move from rock to rock in alpine streams, and territorial displays are frequent. Often found with dippers or White-capped Water-Redstart.
Their diet consists almost entirely of insects, particularly caddis flies and their larvae, mayflies and midges. They often hawk small insects from low perches on stones or shrubs. They will also eat berries and seeds occasionally.
Song: a rapid metallic streee-treee-tree-treeeh, call note a sharp ziet, ziet.
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