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(Redirected from Pycnonotus goiavier)
Subspecies personatus
Photo © by suleesia
Penang, Malaysia, June 2005
Pycnonotus goiavier


19–20·5 cm (7½-8 in)

  • Olive brown crown, nape, underparts
  • White face and side of head, eyebrow, throat, belly
  • Black lores
  • Breast whitish streaked brown
  • Yellow under tail coverts
  • Black bill, feet, eyes
  • No white on tail


Photo © by dixonlau
Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, 26 May 2022

Southeast Asia: found in Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas and Bali.



Subspecies personatus
Photo © by kayes
Penang, Malaysia, August 2017

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • P. g. jambu:
  • P. g. personatus:
  • P. g. analis:
  • P. g. gourdini :
  • P. g. goiavier:
  • P. g. samarensis:
  • Philippines (Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Samar, Ticao and Biliran)
  • P. g. suluensis:
  • Southern Philippines (Mindanao, Basilan, Camiguin Sur and Sulu Archawpelago)


Subspecies analis
Photo © by the late Rookery
Bali, August 2012

Mangroves and coastal scrub, parks, gardens, and plantations.



The diet is wide and includes berries, seeds and small fruits, especially figs and cinnamon tree fruits, nectar, young shoots, and insects.


They build well-camouflaged but flimsy, cup-shaped nests from grass, leaves, roots, vine stems, twigs, lined with plant fibres. The clutch consists of 2-5 white or pinkish eggs with heavily spotted with reddish-brown to lavender markings. Both parents incubate and raise the young.

They can raise several broods each year.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)

Recommended Citation

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