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(Redirected from Pycnonotus jocosus)
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Neil
Hong Kong, China, 27 January 2005
Pycnonotus jocosus

Identification

Subspecies P. j. fuscicaudatus
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Amboli, Alt. 22-2500 ft., Western Ghats, Dist. Sindhudurg, Maharashtra, India, 10 February 2019

18–20·5 cm (7-8 in)

  • Brown upper-parts
  • White underparts
  • Buff flanks
  • Dark spur running onto the breast at shoulder level
  • Tall pointed black crest
  • Red face patch
  • Black moustachial line
  • Long brown tail with white terminal feather tips
  • Red vent

Sexes are similar in plumage, but young birds are duller than adults.

Distribution

Asia: Pakistan, India, south-east Asia and China.

They have been introduced to many areas, including Australia, Hawaii, Florida, and California.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Subspecies P. j. pyrrhotis
Photo © by max1
Dudwha Nat Park , E. India, 30 January 2018

There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • P. j. fuscicaudatus: West India (Tapiti River to Kerala and northern Madras)
  • P. j. abuensis: West India (northern Bombay to south-western Rajasthan)
  • P. j. pyrrhotis: Valley of Nepal and northern India (eastern Punjab to Bihar)
  • P. j. emeria: Lowlands of eastern India to Myanmar and south-western Thailand
  • P. j. whistleri: Andaman Islands
  • P. j. monticola: East Himalayas from Sikkim to northern Myanmar and south-western China (Yunnan)
  • P. j. pattani: Thailand to northern Malaya and southern Indochina
  • P. j. hainanensis: North Vietnam and south-eastern China (southern Guangdong); Naozhou Island
  • P. j. jocosus: South China (Guizhou to Guangxi, eastern Guangdong and Hong Kong)

Habitat

Lightly wooded areas, open country with bushes and shrubs.

Behaviour

Breeding

They build their nest in a bush; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs.

Juvenile, Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Neil
Hong Kong, China, 11 May 2005

Diet

Their diet consists of fruit (particularly lantana berries), nectar, flower buds and insects.

Vocalisation

Early morning call
Recording by louisaslater
Waikiki, Hawaii

Recording by Alok Tewari
Two individuals moving through mid-size bushes and communicating alongside a busy highway, late afternoon.

Rudrapur, Uttarakhand, India, October-2016.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2017)
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links


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