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Red-cockaded Woodpecker

From Opus

Photo © by Ken Harvey W G Jones State Forest, Conroe, Texas, 8 June 2019
Photo © by Ken Harvey
W G Jones State Forest, Conroe, Texas, 8 June 2019
Picoides borealis


[edit] Identification

22 cm (8¾ in)

  • Black and white horizontal barring on the back
  • Black cap and nape
  • White cheek patches
  • Red streak on each side of the black cap

[edit] Distribution

Southeastern United States, from eastern Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana east to North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

[edit] Taxonomy

Placed in genus Leuconotopicus by Gill and Donsker.

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

They nest in small colonies in mature pine and pine/oak forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects, larva and arthropods, particularly ants, beetles, cockroaches, caterpillars, wood-boring insects, and spiders. They also occasionally eat fruit and berries.

[edit] Breeding

Their clutch contains 3-4 small white eggs; the pair are often assisted by helpers. Incubation lasts 10-12 days, with fledging occurring after about 26 days. Only occasionally will a second brood be raised.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  1. ScienceDaily#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)

[edit] External Links


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