Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Rose-ringed Parakeet

From Opus

Courting Pair Subspecies P. k. borealisPhoto © by Alok TewariGurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, May-2018
Courting Pair Subspecies P. k. borealis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, May-2018

Alternative Name: Ring-necked Parakeet

Psittacula krameri


[edit] Identification

Psittacula krameri manillensis, femalePhoto © by surunairMumbai, India; February 2013
Psittacula krameri manillensis, female
Photo © by surunair
Mumbai, India; February 2013

37–43 cm (14½-17 in)

  • Green plumage
  • Long tail, with blue-green central feathers and yellower side feathers
  • Red bill, often with black lower mandible


  • Black neck-ring
  • Pink nape-band
  • Full plumage acquired in third year.

Female and immature both lack the neck rings, or show a shadow-like pale to dark grey neck-ring and a light nape-band[3].

[edit] Distribution

Across northern sub-saharan Africa from Mauritania to Eritrea, and southern Asia, in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Burma, and Sri Lanka.

Feral populations widespread and increasing rapidly in Europe, southwest Asia, South Africa, Hawai'i, North and South America. Most are considered to be of the subspecies P. k. borealis although some may be of hybrid stock.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo © by Sudhir bhokareKurundwad, India, February 2017
Photo © by Sudhir bhokare
Kurundwad, India, February 2017

Four subspecies are accepted, only showing small differences[1][2]:

  • P. k. krameri:
  • P. k. parvirostris:
  • P. k. borealis:
  • Northern Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, south-western China, and central Myanmar. Bill all-red in male, upper mandible red, lower black, in female.
  • P. k. manillensis:
  • Southern peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Bill with upper mandible red, lower black, in both sexes.

[edit] Habitat

Psittacula krameri borealis, male (above), juvenile (below)Photo © by SANJEEVLucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, March 2014
Psittacula krameri borealis, male (above), juvenile (below)
Photo © by SANJEEV
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, March 2014

Open countryside with some trees including gardens and parks.

[edit] Behaviour

They can form very large flocks.

[edit] Breeding

Nests in holes in trees; usually lays 3-4 eggs, in late winter or early spring.

[edit] Diet

Diet includes fruit, nuts, berries, seeds, buds, and vegetables. Often considered a pest species causing damage to crops.

[edit] Vocalisation

A raucous screech. Particularly noisy in flight, but can also sit quietly in trees for long periods.

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Urban Garden near residential apartment, Delhi, India, Sep.-2016

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  3. Birdforum thread discussing separating male, female and juvenile of this species.
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.28057408 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 20:19.