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Rough-crested Malkoha - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Romy Ocon
Subic rainforest, Zambales, Philippines, August 2005

Alternative name: Red-crested Malkoha

Dasylophus superciliosus

Phaenicophaeus superciliosus



  • Glossy black plumage
  • Short red eyebrow crest
  • White tips to tail
  • Red to yellowish orange bare skin around eye
  • Pale green bill with orange base
  • cagayanensis has a shorter crest and a paler breast

Sexes similar. Juveniles are all black with a brown forehead. The red crest develops very quickly.


Endemic to the Philippines where found on Luzon.
Fairly common in suitable habitat. However, the forest is heavily logged throughout the species' range.


Two subspecies recognized:

  • P. s. cagayanensis in northeast Luzon
  • P. s. superciliosus west and south of cagayanensis

Placed in genus Dasylophus by Dickinson (2003) and Gill & Wright (2008), formerly placed in Phaenicophaeus


Moist lowland forests.
Occurs from 100m to 800m.



Feeds on large insects. Takes also worms and lizards. Forages by creeping and hopping in tangles of vines, also drops to the ground to grab insects.


Breeding season from May to June. The nest is undescribed.


A resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2012. IOC World Bird Names (version 3.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Dickinson EC (ed.) 2003. The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, USA. ISBN 9780691117010

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