- Apalis ruddi
Length 13 cm, mass about 10 g.
Adult: The head is dark grey with a short pale eyebrow and a small black facemask. The back is olive and the under parts are mostly white with a black collar and yellow on the flanks and sides of the breast. The eye is dark brown.
Similar to the Bar-throated Apalis, but this species is lighter in color, has no eyebrow, and has a pale instead of brown eye.
The main population is found between 22°S and 29°S on a broad coastal strip in southern Mozambique, north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), and eastern Swaziland; a second, isolated population is found in lowland southern Malawi.
Apalis ruddi has three subspecies:
- A. r. ruddii from Mozambique between the Save and Incomati Rivers, extending to sandveld woodland in Kruger National Park, South Africa;
- A. r. fumosa from southern Mozambique, north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), and eastern Swaziland; and
- A. r. caniviridis from the lower Shire River valley in southern Malawi.
Forests, thickets and moist shrubland with dense undergrowth.
Generally found singly or in pairs; joins mixed-species feeding flocks. Forages actively for insects in foliage.
Breeding: Monogamous and territorial. The nest is an oval ball with an entrance near the top built by the female using grass and stems and camouflaged using moss, silk or lichen. One to three eggs are laid September to November. Nestlings are fed by both adults.
Gibbon, G. 2002. Roberts' Multimedia Birds of Southern Africa: Version 3. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. www.sabirding.co.za
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533