- Selasphorus rufus
3.75 in (9.5 cm)
- Rufous crown, tail, and sides; back bright coppery rufous, occasionally with some green
- Orange-red gorget
- White breast
- Green back and crown
- White breast
- Streaked throat often with a small central gorget
- Rufous sides and base of tail feathers
- White tips on outer tail feathers
Western United States and Canada in mountainous areas. Sometimes strays into eastern U.S. Winters in mostly Central America, but banding research has shown that more and more are wintering in the southern USA from Texas east to Florida.
Open areas and forest edges. Gardens on wintering grounds in the south of the USA.
Feisty, will often chase other hummers, specially while defending a food source - be it hummingbird feeder or flowering plants.
Their diet consists of nectar and insects. They are able to survive in sub-freezing temperatures if food is available, they have changed migration patterns to take advantage of feeding stations.
The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or conifer.
Click on images to enlarge
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2024) Rufous Hummingbird. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 24 February 2024 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Rufous_Hummingbird
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