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3.75 in (9.5 cm)
 Similar Species
Western United States and Canada in mountainous areas. Sometimes strays into eastern U.S. Winters in mostly Central America, but banding research has shown that more and more are wintering in the southern USA from Texas east to Florida.
Open areas and forest edges. Gardens on wintering grounds in the south of the USA.
Feisty, will often chase other hummers, specially while defending a food source - be it hummingbird feeder or flowering plants.
Their diet consists of nectar and insects. They are able to survive in sub-freezing temperatures if food is available, they have changed migration patterns to take advantage of feeding stations.
The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or conifer.
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