• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Rufous Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Adult male
Photo by Raul Padilla
Epazoyucan, Mexico, Aug 2012
Selasphorus rufus


Photo by sorochan
Crowsnest Pass, Alberta, Canada, May 2011

3.75 in (9.5 cm)
Adult male

  • Rufous crown, tail, and sides; back bright coppery rufous, occasionally with some green
  • Orange-red gorget
  • White breast

Adult female

  • Green back and crown
  • White breast
  • Streaked throat often with a small central gorget
  • Rufous sides and base of tail feathers
  • White tips on outer tail feathers

Similar Species

Almost identical to Allen's Hummingbird, the male of which has a green back, but does not share much range. The females are very similar to female Allen's Hummingbirds and Broad-tailed Hummingbirds.


Western United States and Canada in mountainous areas. Sometimes strays into eastern U.S. Winters in mostly Central America, but banding research has shown that more and more are wintering in the southern USA from Texas east to Florida.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Female left, male right
Photo by ducbucln
Kelseyville, California, April 2018

Open areas and forest edges. Gardens on wintering grounds in the south of the USA.


Feisty, will often chase other hummers, specially while defending a food source - be it hummingbird feeder or flowering plants.


Their diet consists of nectar and insects. They are able to survive in sub-freezing temperatures if food is available, they have changed migration patterns to take advantage of feeding stations.


The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or conifer.


Click on images to enlarge


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. hummzinger

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1