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Sarus Crane

From Opus

Courtship dancePhoto © by Alok TewariKeoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, July-2016
Courtship dance
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, July-2016
Antigone antigone

Grus antigone

Contents

[edit] Identification

Ssp. antigone  Photo © by radzBharatpur, India, February 2005
Ssp. antigone
Photo © by radz
Bharatpur, India, February 2005

176 cm (70 in); male is larger than the female

  • Grey plumage
  • Bare red head
  • White crown
  • Long dark pointed bill
  • Black wing tips
  • Long red or pink legs

Sexes are similar
Young birds are duller and browner.

[edit] Distribution

Asia and Australasia
Asia: China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Brunei, Philippines, Borneo
Australasia: Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland

[edit] Taxonomy

Also placed in the genus Grus.

[edit] Subspecies

Few weeks old juvenile with parentsPhoto © by Alok TewariKeoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June-2017
Few weeks old juvenile with parents
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June-2017

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

[edit] Habitat

Freshwater marshes and plains, canals and village ponds.

[edit] Behaviour

Male and female engage in repeated, elaborate courtship dance.

[edit] Diet

Their diet includes wetland plants, seeds, rice grains ground nuts, also aquatic animals and crustaceans.

[edit] Breeding

Ssp. antigone Photo © by Alok TewariKeoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June 2013
Ssp. antigone
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June 2013

They nest on the ground; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which is incubated by both adults. They tend to mate for life.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, India, July-2016
Call

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2015)
  4. AvianWeb

[edit] External Links


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