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Sarus Crane - BirdForum Opus

Courtship dance
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, July-2016
Antigone antigone

Grus antigone

Identification

Subspecies A. a. antigone
Photo © by radz
Bharatpur, India, February 2005

176 cm (70 in); male is larger than the female

  • Grey plumage
  • Bare red head
  • White crown
  • Long dark pointed bill
  • Black wing tips
  • Long red or pink legs

Sexes are similar
Young birds are duller and browner.

Distribution

Asia and Australasia
Asia: China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Brunei, Philippines, Borneo
Australasia: Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland

Taxonomy

Also placed in the genus Grus.

Subspecies

Few weeks old juvenile with parents
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June-2017

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

Habitat

Freshwater marshes and plains, canals and village ponds.

Behaviour

Male and female engage in repeated, elaborate courtship dance.

Diet

Their diet includes wetland plants, seeds, rice grains ground nuts, also aquatic animals and crustaceans.

Breeding

Subspecies A. a. antigone
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, June 2013

They nest on the ground; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which is incubated by both adults. They tend to mate for life.

Vocalisation

Listen in an external program Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, India, July-2016
Call

Gallery

Click images to see larger version

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2015)
  4. AvianWeb

Recommended Citation

External Links


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