- Antigone antigone
176 cm (70 in); male is larger than the female
- Grey plumage
- Bare red head
- White crown
- Long dark pointed bill
- Black wing tips
- Long red or pink legs
Sexes are similar
Young birds are duller and browner.
Asia and Australasia
Asia: China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Brunei, Philippines, Borneo
Australasia: Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland
Also placed in the genus Grus.
There are 3 subspecies:
- A. a. antigone - Northern India to Nepal and (formerly?) Bangladesh
- A. a. sharpii - Cambodia and southern Laos; winters in Vietnam
- A. a. gillae - Spottily distributed coastal northern Australia (mainly Queensland)
Freshwater marshes and plains, canals and village ponds.
Male and female engage in repeated, elaborate courtship dance.
Their diet includes wetland plants, seeds, rice grains ground nuts, also aquatic animals and crustaceans.
They nest on the ground; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which is incubated by both adults. They tend to mate for life.
Click images to see larger version
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2015)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Sarus Crane. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Sarus_Crane