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Shining Drongo

From Opus

Dicrurus atripennis

Contents

[edit] Identification

21.5 - 24cm. The glossiest drongo in Africa.

  • Entirely black plumage with stron shining steel-green to purplish-blue reflections
  • Velvety black forehead and lores
  • Stiff feathers cover the base of upper mandible
  • Tail slightly forked
  • Dark red iris

Sexes alike, females are slightly smaller. Juveniles are sooty black with some greenish gloss on wings and tail only.

[edit] Similar species

Larger than Square-tailed Drongo, glossier plumage and larger tail with deeper fork.
Smaller than Velvet-mantled Drongo which has a much deeper forked tail and less gloss.

[edit] Distribution

Found in tropical Africa from Sierra Leone east to Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana to Democratic Republic of the Congo and south to Gabon and Congo.
Widespread but only locally common.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests. The most typical forest drongo.
Occupies lower canopy (between 5 and 25m) whereas Square-tailed Drongo is found in higher canopy.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds on large insects. Sallies out from a horizontal perch to catch aerial prey, also follows swarms of carnivorous ants to catch disturbed insects.
Breeding recorded at different months through its range. Highly territorial and aggressivley harrassing and chasing any other animal coming to close to nest. The nest is a shallow cup made of rootlets and lichens and placed in atree. Lays 2 eggs.
A resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

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