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Square-tailed Drongo

From Opus

Photo by Alan MansonMkhuze Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, May 2008
Photo by Alan Manson
Mkhuze Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, May 2008

Alternative name: Sharpe's Drongo (sharpei)

Dicrurus ludwigii


[edit] Identification

Length 19 cm; mass 18-41 g.

Adult: Glossy black; tail slightly forked; The bill is black with a hooked tip, the eyes deep red, and the legs and feet are black.

The distinctive call includes twanging and whistled notes; also mimics other calls.

[edit] Similar species

Differs from Shining Drongo in significantly smaller size.
Fork-tailed Drongo and Velvet-mantled Drongo are also bigger and have much more deeply forked tails.
This species is also easily confused with the Southern Black Flycatcher as they are of a similar size. The Drongo, however, has a red (rather than brown)eye, a heavier bill, a different call, and is almost always found in the mid-stratum of forests (the Flycatcher prefers more open woodland).

[edit] Distribution

Africa south of the Sahara.

[edit] Taxonomy

Five subspecies:

[edit] Habitat

Forest and thicket.

[edit] Behaviour

Solitary or in pairs; noisy and aggressive, mobs raptors. Hawks for insects from a perch in the mid-stratum; also feeds on nectar.

Breeding: Monogamous and territorial. The nest is a neat cup of fine plant material, lichen and spider web, built by both adults. Two to three eggs are laid September to January.

[edit] References

  1. Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
  2. Lepage D. 2008. Avibase. Search for "Dicrurus ludwigii" downloaded 6 May 2008.
  3. Sinclair I, Ryan P. 2003. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0 620 20729 9

[edit] Recommended Citation

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