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Smoky-brown Woodpecker

From Opus

Subspecies reichenbachiPhoto © by Luis REl Avila National Park, Caracas, Venezuela, 20 June 2009
Subspecies reichenbachi
Photo © by Luis R
El Avila National Park, Caracas, Venezuela, 20 June 2009
Dryobates fumigatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

A small (18cm, 7in.) woodpecker with no barring or conspicuous marks; best identification is overall dark, drab, brown plumage. Male has dark red crown, lacking in female.

[edit] Distribution

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Cedric KEl Cope NP, Panama, 17 March 2005
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Cedric K
El Cope NP, Panama, 17 March 2005

Numerous and widespread in foothills and subtropical forests in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.

[edit] Taxonomy

Placed in genus Leuconotopicus by Gill and Donsker. Formerly included in genus Picoides

[edit] Subspecies

Five subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • D. f. oleagineus:
  • Lowlands and foothills of eastern Mexico
  • D. f. sanguinolentus:
  • Central and southern Mexico to western Panama
  • D. f. fumigatus:
  • D. f. obscuratus:
  • D. f. reichenbachi:

[edit] Habitat

Forested and woodland areas of foothills and mountains in parts of the range reaching near sea level in Mexico.

[edit] Behaviour

Forages on branches, rather than trunks, tapping and probing methodically in live and dead wood for insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Paper describing DNA taxonomy of among others this species
  3. SACC proposal to move this species to genus Picoides

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links

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