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Southern Martin

From Opus

Photo © by tf1044xArgentina, 2000
Photo © by tf1044x
Argentina, 2000
Progne elegans


[edit] Identification

Photo © by Stanley JonesEl 44 Reserva Natural de Tiempo Libre, Capilla del Monte, C√≥rdoba Province, Argentina, October 2019
Photo © by Stanley Jones
El 44 Reserva Natural de Tiempo Libre, Capilla del Monte, Córdoba Province, Argentina, October 2019

17 cm (6¬ĺ in)

  • Dark glossy blue
  • Wings and tail darker
  • Deeply forked tail

[edit] Similar Species

Purple Martin, which is longer and has an even more deeply forked tail.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina

Accidental vagrant to Florida (1 record).

[edit] Taxonomy

Monotypic after the split of Galapagos Martin and Peruvian Martin.

The pre-split species was called Southern Martin, Progne modesta.

[edit] Habitat

Forests, and open and semi-open areas, dry grassland, woodlands, pastures and urban areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They eat a variety of insects, such as moths, dragonflies, wasps and ants.

[edit] Breeding

They construct a nest from grass, twigs and feathers. It is placed in a hole using trees, cliffs, walls and house roofs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Turner, A. (2020). Southern Martin (Progne elegans). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020

[edit] Recommended Citation

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