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Eurasian Thick-knee - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Stone-curlew)

Alternative name: Eurasian Stone-curlew

Photo by postcardcv
Weeting NWT, Norfolk, England, July 2007
Burhinus oedicnemus

Identification

40–44 cm (15¾-17¼ in)

  • Plumage sandy-brown, streaked darker
  • Black and white markings on the wings
  • Black-tipped yellow bill
  • Large yellow iris
  • Prominent joints in long yellow or green legs
Photo by Assen Ignatov
April 2008

Distribution

Western Palearctic, tropical north Africa and Asia.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • B. o. distinctus:
  • B. o. insularum:
  • B. o. saharae:
  • B. o. oedicnemus:
  • B. o. harterti:

Indian Thick-knee was formerly considered a subspecies of this species.

Habitat

Breeds on dry sparsely vegetated open ground. On migration may be seen on sea coasts.

Behaviour

Mostly nocturnal. Outside the breeding season they can gather in large flocks.

Diet

The diet includes insects, small invertebrates and lizards.

Breeding

The nest is a bare ground scrape. Two, maybe 3 eggs are laid. They are heavily blotched and streaked with brownish markings on a buff background.

Vocalisation

Call: a Eurasian Curlew-like coo-lee

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  6. The Observer's Book of Birds' Eggs 0723200602

Recommended Citation

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