Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Sulphur-billed Nuthatch

From Opus

Photo © by Mark Harper Infata Road, Luzon, Philippines,  March, 2019
Photo © by Mark Harper
Infata Road, Luzon, Philippines, March, 2019
Sitta oenochlamys

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo by Romy OconMt. Makiling, Laguna Province, Philippines, November 2004
Photo by Romy Ocon
Mt. Makiling, Laguna Province, Philippines, November 2004

12.5cm. A medium to small nuthatch.

  • Yellow bill, eyering and iris
  • Black forecrown with black stripe extending behind eye
  • Violet-blue upperparts variably tinged lilac
  • Paler patch on nape/upper mantle
  • Blue tail
  • White chin and throat
  • Pale cinnamon-orange underparts

Sexes similar but females usually lack the eyestripe. Juveniles are similar to adult but they have more orange-toned underparts.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to the Philippines.
Fairly common where suitable habitat remains.

[edit] Taxonomy

May form a superspecies with Velvet-fronted Nuthatch and Yellow-billed Nuthatch and sometimes placed in a separate gensu Oenositta with these two species.
Six subspecies recognized:

  • S. o. mesoleuca in northwestern Luzon
  • S. o. isarog in the rest of Luzon
  • S. o. oenochlamys on Panay, Guimaras, Negros and Cebu (west-central Philippines)
  • S. o. lilacea on Samar, Biliran and Leyte (east-central Philippines)
  • S. o. apo on Mindanao (except Zamboanga Peninsula)
  • S. o. zamboanga on Zamboanga Peninsula (Mindanao), Basilan and east Bolod Island

[edit] Habitat

Pine and evergreen forest.
From lowlands up to 2600m, commonest at higher elevations.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds on insects and spiders.
Forages singly, in pairs or small parties, often associated with mixed-species flocks. A very active bird.
Few information about breeding. Birds in breeding condition seen in January and March to May. Breeding recorded in Cebu in mid-June.
A resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553453

[edit] External Links

Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.34173608 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 15:40.