Adult, fresh summer plumage
, May 2010
[ edit] Identification
Length 22â€“25 cm (8Â¾-9Â¾ in), wingspan 57â€“59 cm, weight 50â€“126 g
Very long, slightly upcurved bill, black with a brownish-yellow base
Upperparts and breast buffy grey to silvery grey
Dark carpal patch
Mainly white underparts
Legs 'dayglo' orange-yellow, shorter than most 'shanks'.
Tringa Breeding adult: broad black scapular stripes and black streaks on coverts; white supercilium
Winter adult: paler and greyer; scapular line inconspicuous
Juvenile: duller, sandy brown; scapular line inconspicuous
In flight shows white trailing edge on secondaries and inner primaries (as in Common Redshank but less broad)
[ edit] Distribution
Breeds in far eastern
Europe (locally in Finland, and from Belarus and Ukraine eastward) and across northern Asia. Winters on tropical coasts in east Africa, south Asia and Australia.
Rare, but regular visitor to the
British Isles, mostly on passage but one or two wintering records.
[ edit] Taxonomy
Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat,
This is a
monotypic species .
Formerly often included in the genus
, but genetic evidence shows it to be more closely related to Phalaropes Tringa Phalaropus .
[ edit] Habitat
Breeds beside muddy or gravelly riversides and lakeshores; typically nesting among greyed driftwood on riverbanks. On migration on freshwater marshes. In winter, coastal mudflats, estuaries and mangroves.
[ edit] Behaviour
Food is small aquatic invertebrates; it chases insects and other mobile prey, and sometimes runs to the water's edge to wash its catch.
[ edit] Breeding
They lay 3-4 eggs in a lined ground scrape.
[ edit] Vocalisation
Listen in an external program
[ edit] References
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Gibson, R., & Baker, A. (2012). Multiple gene sequences resolve phylogenetic relationships in the shorebird suborder Scolopaci (Aves: Charadriiformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64 (1): 66-72 ( abstract).
BF Member observations
Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
[ edit] External Links