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Varied Triller

From Opus

Male, Subspecies rufiventrisPhoto © by tcollins Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, February 2007
Male, Subspecies rufiventris
Photo © by tcollins
Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, February 2007
Lalage leucomela

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies  yorkiPhoto © by Mzungu Eagleby Wetlands, Australia, June, 2018
Female, subspecies yorki
Photo © by Mzungu
Eagleby Wetlands, Australia, June, 2018

17–19·5 cm (6¾-7¾ in)

  • White forehead and supercilium
  • Black upperparts
  • Dark grey rump
  • White markings on wings
  • White underparts with fine dark barring
  • Cinnamon vent

Female: browner upperparts and barred, grey-buff underparts

[edit] Distribution

New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, and eastern Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Mussau Triller was formerly included in this species.

[edit] Subspecies

Lalage leucomela has 15 subspecies:[1]:

  • L. l. keyensis: Kai Islands (Kai Kecil, Kai Besar and Add)
  • L. l. polygrammica: Aru Islands and eastern New Guinea
  • L. l. obscurior: D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago
  • L. l. trobriandi: Trobriand Islands
  • L. l. pallescens: Louisiade Archipelago (Misima and Tagula)
  • L. l. falsa Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, Umboi and Duke of York)
  • L. l. karu: New Ireland (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • L. l. albidior: New Hanover (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • L. l. ottomeyeri: Lihir Islands (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • L. l. tabarensis: Tabar Island (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • L. l. sumunae: Dyaul Island (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • L. l. macrura: North-western Western Australia (western Kimberley Division)
  • L. l. rufiventris: Northern Northern Territory (Melville Island, Arnhem Land, Groote Eylandt)
  • L. l. yorki: Northern Queensland (islands in southern Torres Strait and Cape York Peninsula)
  • L. l. leucomela: Eastern Australia (central Queensland to central New South Wales)

[edit] Habitat

Rain and dry forests, vine forest, riverine thickets, eucalypt forest and woodland, they show a marked partiality for border areas between closed and open forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of insects (especially caterpillars) and grasshopper, with the addition of figs and other fruit, berries, and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

They breed during the rainy season. The nest is a very small shallow cup made of dry grass, twigs, rootlets, and spider webs placed on a horizontal branch or fork. They lay a single egg.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  1. The Website of Everything
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2015)

[edit] External Links


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