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Village Weaver

From Opus

MalePhoto © by xentoxLiberia, Summer 2005
Male
Photo © by xentox
Liberia, Summer 2005
Ploceus cucullatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Breeding male Photo © by Scottishdude Gambia  March, 2010
Breeding male
Photo © by Scottishdude
Gambia March, 2010

15-17cm (6-6¾ in)
Strong conical bill
Breeding male

  • Black head and bill
  • Chestnut nape
  • Upperparts and wings are yellow and black
  • Yellow underparts

Non-breeding male

  • Yellow head
  • Olive crown
  • Grey upperparts
  • Whitish underparts
  • Yellow and black wings
  • Red eyes

Adult female

  • Dark eyes
  • Streaked olive upperparts
  • Yellow and black wings
  • Pale yellow underparts

Young birds browner back, otherwise similar to the female

[edit] Variation

Photo © by whiteheadedvultureAccra, Ghana, October 2016
Photo © by whiteheadedvulture
Accra, Ghana, October 2016

Most subspecies have mostly dark head but differ in color of nape and back of male. The southernmost subspecies spilonotus differ in having a black mask that only reaches the side of the bill and is yellow above that.

[edit] Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po), Sao Tome, Principe, Mauritius and Reunion

Escaped populations can be found in many countries world-wide and has been introduced to Haiti.

[edit] Taxonomy

Male developing breeding plumage; subspecies abyssinicus Photo © by volker sthamerHawassa, Ethiopia, February 2017
Male developing breeding plumage; subspecies abyssinicus
Photo © by volker sthamer
Hawassa, Ethiopia, February 2017

[edit] Subspecies

FemalePhoto © by whiteheadedvultureAccra, Ghana, 1 May 2020
Female
Photo © by whiteheadedvulture
Accra, Ghana, 1 May 2020

Ploceus cucullatus has eight subspecies:[1]

  • P. c. cucullatus
  • P. c. collaris
  • P. c. bohndorffi
  • P. c. frobenii
  • P. c. graueri
  • P. c. abyssinicus
  • P. c. nigriceps
  • P. c. spilonotus

[edit] Habitat

They occupy a variety of open habitats, from open woodlands to towns and villages.

[edit] Behaviour

Nesting colonyPhoto © by Doc DuckBlyde river canyon, South Africa, February 2017
Nesting colony
Photo © by Doc Duck
Blyde river canyon, South Africa, February 2017

They often form large noisy colonies.

[edit] Breeding

The large nest is coarsely woven from grass and leaf strips, suspended from a branch. It has a downward facing entrance. The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs.

A colonial breeder, many nests may be found in a single tree.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of seeds and grain, and can be a crop pest; also insects, particularly when feeding young.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: includes harsh buzzes and chattering

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Avian Web

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links


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