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Virginia Rail

From Opus

Includes Ecuadorian Rail

Rallus limicola


[edit] Identification

  • Rufous breast
  • Long, slightly decurved bill
  • Red bill and legs
  • Grey face
  • Black and white barring on flanks
  • Brown streaking on back
JuvenilePhoto by jvhigbeeSoap Lake, Washington, US, September 2003
Photo by jvhigbee
Soap Lake, Washington, US, September 2003

[edit] Similar Species

Similar to King Rail, but king rail is much larger, with light brownish bill and legs, less grey in face.

[edit] Distribution

Nova Scotia to California and North Carolina; southwestern Colombia to western Peru; southern Chile and Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies1

  • R. l. limicola - Southern Canada and US; winters to Baja and Guatemala
  • R. l. friedmanni - South-eastern Mexico (Puebla, México, Veracruz and Chiapas)
  • R. l. aequatorialis - "Ecuadorian Rail": Locally in mountains of south-western Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

[edit] Habitat

Shallow freshwater marshes with emergent vegetation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and aquatic animals.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a platform composed of cattails and other plants in a dry area in the marsh. The clutch consists of 5 to 13 eggs. Both adults care for the young.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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