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Bran-colored Flycatcher

From Opus

Revision as of 22:33, 11 August 2019 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
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Photo © by Stanley JonesCajamarca, Peru January 2017
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Cajamarca, Peru January 2017
Myiophobus fasciatus

Includes Rufescent Flycatcher

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies flammicepsPhoto © by bievreJJVale das Garças, Campinas, SP, Brazil, 23 September 2017
Subspecies flammiceps
Photo © by bievreJJ
Vale das Garças, Campinas, SP, Brazil, 23 September 2017

11–12·7 cm (4¼-5 in)
Variable coloration; the gallery search finds several images of birds paler than described here.

  • Often dark reddish-brown head and upperparts
  • Concealed yellow crest
  • 2 wing bars that differ in color depending on age, sex, and subspecies
  • Whitish underparts
  • Pale yellow belly
  • Dark streaking on breast and flanks
  • Bill: black upper mandible, brown lower mandible.

Sexes similar.
Juveniles lack crown patch.

[edit] Distribution

From Costa Rica through Central America and in South America south to Peru, Bolivia, Uruguay, northern Chile and Argentina and east to Trinidad, The Guianas and Brazil.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • M. f. furfurosus:
  • M. f. fasciatus:
  • M. f. crypterythrus:
  • M. f. saturatus:
  • Eastern Peru (San Martín to central Cuzco)
  • M. f. auriceps :
  • M. f. flammiceps:
  • M. f. rufescens:
  • Arid western Peru (La Libertad) to extreme northern Chile (Tarapacá)

The subspecies rufescens of south-western Peru and northern Chile has been proposed for full species status based on both plumage and vocalization differences.

[edit] Habitat

Dry forests and forest edges. Hedgerows, pastures and bush savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects such as small beetles, ants, wasps and flies. They also eat some berries.

[edit] Breeding

They build a deep cup nest from stems and bark, lined with fine plant fibres. It is suspended from a side branch low in a tree. The clutch contains 2 cream eggs with a rufous ring; they are incubated by the female for 17 days; the young fledge 15-17 days later.

The nest is parasitised by the Shiny Cowbird.

[edit] Vocalisation

The call is a whistled chep, chewee.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Alvaro Jaramillo. 2003. Birds of Chile. Princeton Field Guides. ISBN 0-691-11740-3
  3. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  4. Farnsworth, A., Lebbin, D. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Bran-colored Flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57333 on 12 August 2019).

[edit] External Links

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