Descriptions of all fossil Avialae (1 Viewer)

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Not everyone who is interested in birds is also familiar with the fossil record of birds. But to understand the bird evolution, taxonomy and distribution, you need to know about the fossil record. DNA research is very helpfull, but it needs to be confirmed by the fossil record.

In this thread I will try to point you to the original descriptions to every fossil bird that is known to me.

Unfortunately, I don't have every description, or not a link to the Original description, and there you can, of course, help me.

It is not easy to decide where to start, it is hard to define what is a bird, what is a dinosaur, even scientists don't agree. So I will start with Avialae.

For descriptions of all fossil Strigiformes see: https://www.birdforum.net/threads/descriptions-of-all-fossil-strigiformes.394722/

Enjoy,

Fred
 
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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Classis Reptilia Laurenti, 1768
Subclassis Avialae Gauthier, 1986
Ordo Protoaviformes Chatterjee, 1991
Familia Protoavidae Chatterjee, 1991
Genus Protoavis Chatterjee, 1991
Type Protoavis texensis Chatterjee, 1991

Protoavis texensis Chatterjee, 1991
Sankar Chatterjee, 1991
Cranial Anatomy and Relationships of A New Triassic Bird from Texas
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 332: 277-342

Ordo Incertae Sedis
Familia Incertae Sedis
Genus Zhongornis Gao, Chiappe, Meng, O’Connor, Wang, Cheng et Liu, 2008.

Zhongornis haoae Gao, Chiappe, Meng, O’Connor, Wang, Cheng et Liu, 2008.
Chunling Gao, Luis M. Chiappe, Qinjing Meng, Jingmai K. O’Connor, Xuri Wang, Xiaodong Cheng & Jinyuan Liu, 2008
A New Basal Lineage of Early Cretaceous Birds from China and its Implications on the Evolution of the Avian Tail
Palaeontology 51: 775-791
See attachment

Familia Scansoriopterygidae Czerkas et Yuan, 2002
Genus Epidexipteryx Zhang, Zhou, Xu, Wang et Sullivan, 2008

Epidexipteryx hui Zhang, Zhou, Xu, Wang et Sullivan, 2008
Fucheng Zhang, Zhonghe Zhou, Xing Xu, Xiaoling Wang & Corwin Sullivan, 2008
A Bizarre Jurassic Maniraptoran from China with Elongate Ribbon-like Feathers
Nature Precedings 24 september 2008 13 pg. 455: 1105-1108

Genus Epidendrosaurus Zhang, Zhou, Xu et Wang, 2002

Epidendrosaurus nichengensis Zhang, Zhou, Xu et Wang, 2002
Zhang Fucheng, Zhou Zhonghe, Xu Xing & Wang Ziaoling, 2002
A Juvenile Coerulosaurian Theropod from China Indicates Arboreal Habits
Naturwissenschaften 89: 394-398

Genus Scansoriopteryx Czerkas et Yuan, 2002

Scansoriopteryx heilmanni Czerkas et Yuan, 2002
Stephen A. Czerkas & Chongxi Yuan, 2002
An Arboreal Maniraptoran from Northeast China
The Dinosaur Museum Journal 1: 63-95

Genus Ambopteryx Wang, O’Connor, Xu et Zhou, 2019
Ambopteryx longibrachium Wang, O’Connor, Xu et Zhou, 2019
Min Wang, Jingmai Kathleen O’Connor, Xing Xu & Zhonghe Zhou, 2019
A New Jurassic Scansoriopterygid and the Loss of Membranous Wings in Theropod Dinosaurs
Nature 569: 256-259
See attachment

Genus Yi Xu, Zheng, Sullivan, Wang, Xing, Wang, Zhang, O’Connor, Zhang et Pan, 2015

Yi qi Xu, Zheng, Sullivan, Wang, Xing, Wang, Zhang, O’Connor, Zhang et Pan, 2015
Xing Xu, Xiaoting Zheng, Gorwin Sullivan, Xiaoli Wang, Lida Xing, Yan Wang, Xiaomei Zhang, Jingmai K. O’Connor, Fucheng Zhang & Yanhong Pan, 2015
A Bizarre Jurassic Maniraptoran Theropod with Preserved Evidence of Membranous Wings
Nature 521: 70-73
 

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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
The pdf of the description of Ambopteryx longibrachium Wang, O’Connor, Xu et Zhou, 2019 was not uploaded because it is too long, if you want the pdf, please contact me.
 

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Genus Jinfengopteryx Ji Q., Ji S., Lu J, You H, Chen W, LiuY. et Liu Y, 2005

Jinfengopteryx elegans Ji Q., Ji S., Lu J, You H, Chen W, LiuY. et Liu Y, 2005
Ji Qiang, Ji Shu’an, Lü Junchang, You Hailu, Chen Wen, Liu Yongqing & Liu Yanxue, 2005
First Avialian Bird from China (Jinfengopteryx elegans gen. et sp. nov.)
Geological Bulletin of China 24(3): 197-209

Genus Rapator von Huene, 1932

Rapator ornitholestoides von Huene, 1932
Friedrich Freiherr von Huene, 1932
Die Fossile Reptil-Ordnung Saurischia, Ihre Entwicklung und Geschichte
Monographie zur Geologie und Palaeontologie 1: 1-367
The pdf is too big too upload, contact me for the pdf

Subclassis PRAEORNITHES Rautian, 1978
Ordo PRAEORNITHIFORMES Rautian, 1978
Familia Praeornithidae Rautian, 1978
Genus Praeornis Rautian, 1978

Praeornis sharovi Rautian, 1978
A. S. Rautian, 1978
A Unique Bird Feather from Jurassic Lake Deposits in the Karatau
Paleontological Journal USA 1979: 520-528, Paleontological Journal 12: 106-114
I do not have the pdf, any help is welcome!
 

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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Subclassis INCERTAE SEDIS
Ordo INCERTAE SEDIS
Familia Incertae Sedis
Genus Balaur Csiki, Vremir, Brusatte et Norell, 2010

Balaur bondoc Csiki, Vremir, Brusatte et Norell, 2010
Zoltan Csiki, Matyas Vremir, Stephen L. Brusatte & Mark A. Norell, 2010
An Aberrant Island-dwelling Theropod Dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Romania
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 15357-15361

Genus Aurornis Godefroit, Cau, Hu, Escuillié, Wu et Dyke, 2013

Aurornis xui Godefroit, Cau, Hu, Escuillié, Wu et Dyke, 2013
Pascal Godefroit, Andrea Cau, Hu Dong-Yu, François Escuillié, Wu Wenhao & Gareth Dyke, 2013.
A Jurassic Avialan Dinosaur from China Resolves the Early Phylogentic History of Birds
Nature doi: 10.1038

Genus Xiaotingia Xu, You et Han, 2011

Xiaotingia zhengi Xu, You, Du et Han, 2011
Xing Xu, Hailu You, Kai Du & Fenglu Han, 2011
An Archaeopteryx-like Theropod from China and the Origin of Aviale
Nature 475: 465-470

Genus Caihong Hu, Clarke, Eliason, Qiu, Li, Shawkey, Zhao, D’Alba, Jiang et Xu, 2018

Caihong juji Hu, Clarke, Eliason, Qiu, Li, Shawkey, Zhao, D’Alba, Jiang et Xu, 2018
Dongyu Hu, Julia A. Clarke, Chad M. Eliason, Rui Qiu, Quanguo Li, Matthew D. Shawkey, Cuilin Zhao, Loloana D’Alba, Jinkai Jiang & Xing Xu, 2018
A Bony-crested Jurassic Dinosaur with Evidence of Irodescent Plumage Highlights Complexity in Early Paravian Evolution
Nature Communications 9: 217

Genus Liaoningvenator Shen, Zhao, Gao, Lü et Kundrát, 2017

Liaoningvenator curriei Shen, Zhao, Gao, Lü et Kundrát, 2017
Cai-zhi Shen, Bo Zhao, Chun-ling Gao, Jun-chang Lü & Martin Kundrát, 2017
A New Troodontid Dinosaur (Liaoningvenator curriei gen. et sp. nov.) from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Western Liaoning Province
Acta Geoscientica Sinica 38: 359-371

Fred
 

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Genus Serikornis Lefèvre, Cau, Cincotta, Hu, Chinsamy, Escuillié et Godefroit, 2017
Serikornis sungei Lefèvre, Cau, Cincotta, Hu, Chinsamy, Escuillié et Godefroit, 2017
Ulysse Lefèvre, Andrea Cau, Aude Cincotta, Dongyu Hu, Anusuya Chinsamy, François Escuillié & Pascal Godefroit, 2017
A New Jurasic Theropod from China Documents a Transitional Step in the Macrostructure of Feathers
Science of Nature 104: 74 (advance online publication)
Unfortunatly I don't have the paper, nor is it free on the internet, so help is needed.

Genus Pedopenna Xu et Zhang, 2005
Pedopenna daohugouensis Xu et Zhang, 2005
Xing Xu & Fucheng Zhang, 2005
A New Maniraptoran Dinosaur from China with Long Feathers on the Metatarsus
Naturwissenschaften 92: 173-177

Genus Imperobator Ely et Case, 2019

Imperobator antarcticus Ely et Case, 2019
Ricardo Ely & Judd A. Case, 2019
Phylogeny of a New Gigantic Paravian (Theropoda; Coerulosauria; Maniraptora) from the Upper Cretaceous of James Ross Island
Cretaceous Research 101, 1-16
 

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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Genus Ostromia Foth et Rauhut, 2017
Ostromia crassipes (von Meyer, 1857)
(Haarlem specimen of Archaeopteryx lithographica no. 4)
John H. Ostrom, 1970
Archaeopteryx: Notice of a "New" Specimen
Science 170: 537-538

Christian Foth & Oliver W. M. Rauhut, 2017
Re-evaluation of the Haarlem Archaeopteryx and the Radiation of Maniraptoran Theropod Dinosaurs
BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 236

Genus Anchiornis Xu, Zhao, Norell, Sullivan, Hone, Erickson, Wang, Han et Guo, 2009

Anchiornis huxleyi Xu, Zhao, Norell, Sullivan, Hone, Erickson, Wang, Han et Guo, 2009
Xu Xing, Zhao Qi, Mark Norell, Corwin Sullivan, David Hone, Gregory Erickson, Wang Xiaolin, Han Fenglu & Guo Yu, 2009
A New Feathered Maniraptoran Dinosaur Fossil that Fills a Morphological Gap in Avian Origin
Chinese Science Bulletin 54(3) :430-435

Genus Eosinopteryx Godefroit, Demuynck, Dyke, Hu, Escuillé et Claeys, 2013

Eosinopteryx brevipenna Godefroit, Demuynck, Dyke, Hu, Escuillé et Claeys, 2013
Pascal Godefroit, Helena Demuynck, Gareth Dyke, Dongyu Hu, François Escuillé & Philippe Claeys, 2013
Reduced Plumage and Flight Ability of a New Jurassic Paravian Theropod from China
Nature Communications 4 Article number 1394 doi: 10.1036/ncomms2389

Genus Alcmonavis Rauhut, Tischlinger et Foth, 2019

Alcmonavis poeschli Rauhut, Tischlinger et Foth, 2019
Oliver W. M. Rauhut, Helmut Tischlinger & Christian Foth, 2018
A Non-archaeopterygid Avialan Theropod from the Late Jurassic of Southern Germany
Archaeopteryx specimen no 13
E-Life 8: e43789

Genus Fukuipteryx Imai. Azuma, Kawabe, Shibata, Miyata, Wang et Zhou, 2019

Fukuipteryx prima Imai. Azuma, Kawabe, Shibata, Miyata, Wang et Zhou, 2019
Takuya Imai, Yoichi Azuma, Soichiro Kawabe, Masateru Shibata, Kazunon Miyata, Min Wang & Zongzhe Zhou, 2019
An Unusual Bird (Theropoda, Avialae) from the Early Cretaceous of Japan Suggests Complex Evolutionary History of Basal Birds
Communications Biology 2: 399
 

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