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Difference between revisions of "Brimstone Canary" - BirdForum Opus

(Added Wiganlad photo in Distribution section,)
 
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[[Image:Brimstone_Canary.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male, subspecies ''wilsoni''<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|jdbirdman|jdbirdman}} <br /> Cape vidal, [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[South Africa]]]]
 
'''Alternative name: Bully Canary'''
 
'''Alternative name: Bully Canary'''
 
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;[[:Category:Crithagra|Crithagra]] sulphurata
;[[:Category:Serinus|Serinus]] sulphuratus
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''Serinus sulphuratus''
[[Image:Brimstone_Canary.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by jdbirdman <br />Location: South Africa]]
 
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
Length 13-15 cm. A large canary with a big bill. The male is bright yellow beneath with an olive-green malar stripe and bright yellow supercilliary stripe.
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[[Image:STH 5871.jpg|thumb|400px|right|Subspecies ''sharpii''<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|volker+sthamer|volker sthamer}}<br />Kazinga, [[Uganda]], July 2018]]
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13·5–16 cm (5¼-6¼ in)<br />
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A large canary with a big bill.<br />
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Male
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*Bright yellow underparts
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*Olive-green [[Topography#Heads|malar]] stripe
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*Bright yellow but short [[Topography#Heads|supercilliary]] stripe.
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====Similar species====
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[[Yellow Canary]] has a supercilium that is much longer and does not narrow so quickly behind the eye.
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
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[[File:Brimstone_Canary_WL.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|Wiganlad| Wiganlad}}<br />[[South Africa]], 18 October 2014]]
 
[[Africa]]: [[Uganda]] and [[Kenya]], south to eastern and southern [[South Africa]].
 
[[Africa]]: [[Uganda]] and [[Kenya]], south to eastern and southern [[South Africa]].
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
There are six subspecies:<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>
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====Subspecies====
*''S. s. frommi''
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There are 3 subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
*''S. s. shelleyi''
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*''C. s. sharpii'':
*''S. s. sharpii''
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:*[[Kenya]], [[Uganda]], eastern [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]] to [[Angola]], [[Zambia]] and [[Mozambique]]
*''S. s. languens''
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*''C. s. wilsoni'':
*''S. s. wilsoni''
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:*Eastern [[South Africa]] (eastern Limpopo south to [[KwaZulu-Natal]] and Eastern Cape), [[Swaziland]], and southern [[Mozambique]]
*''S. s. sulphuratus''
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*''C. s. sulphurata'':
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:*Southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and western Eastern Cape)
  
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Two additional subspecies ''frommi'' and ''shelleyi'' are not generally recognised, and ''languens'' is usually considered invalid<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>.
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
Woodland, thicket and gardens.
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Lowland coastal woodland, thicket, coastal scrub and gardens.
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
Occurs mostly either singly or in pairs.
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====Diet====
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Their diet consists mostly of seeds, leaves, flowers, berries, buds and ripened fruit. They also eat some insects such as termites.
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They are usually seen either singly or in pairs.
 
==References==
 
==References==
# Clements JF. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2008. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
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#{{Ref-Clements6thAug18}}#Avibase
# Sinclair I & Ryan P. 2003. ''Birds of Africa south of the Sahara''. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0620207299  
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#Sinclair I & Ryan P. 2003. ''Birds of Africa south of the Sahara''. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0620207299
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#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2018)
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
{{GSearch|Serinus+sulphuratus}}  
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{{GSearch|Canary+sulphurat}}  
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Serinus]]
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[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Crithagra]]

Latest revision as of 14:43, 22 December 2020

Male, subspecies wilsoni
Photo © by jdbirdman
Cape vidal, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Alternative name: Bully Canary

Crithagra sulphurata

Serinus sulphuratus

Identification

Subspecies sharpii
Photo © by volker sthamer
Kazinga, Uganda, July 2018

13·5–16 cm (5¼-6¼ in)
A large canary with a big bill.
Male

  • Bright yellow underparts
  • Olive-green malar stripe
  • Bright yellow but short supercilliary stripe.

Similar species

Yellow Canary has a supercilium that is much longer and does not narrow so quickly behind the eye.

Distribution

Photo © by Wiganlad
South Africa, 18 October 2014

Africa: Uganda and Kenya, south to eastern and southern South Africa.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • C. s. sharpii:
  • C. s. wilsoni:
  • C. s. sulphurata:
  • Southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and western Eastern Cape)

Two additional subspecies frommi and shelleyi are not generally recognised, and languens is usually considered invalid[2].

Habitat

Lowland coastal woodland, thicket, coastal scrub and gardens.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists mostly of seeds, leaves, flowers, berries, buds and ripened fruit. They also eat some insects such as termites.

They are usually seen either singly or in pairs.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Sinclair I & Ryan P. 2003. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0620207299
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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