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American Three-toed Woodpecker
8 1/2" (22 cm).
 Similar Species
Similar to Black-backed Woodpecker, but smaller and bill shorter;
Smaller and darker than the Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, with which it has been considered conspecific.
Coniferous and spruce forests particularly where degraded by burning and logging, or swampy.
Four white eggs are laid. The nest is in a tree hole that is beveled on the lower side of the entrance to form a sort of doorstep for the birds.
A soft pik, similar to call of Downy Woodpecker.
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