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African Jacana

From Opus

Photo © by CollinBaxLowersabie, Kruger National Park, South Africa,  August 2008
Photo © by CollinBax
Lowersabie, Kruger National Park, South Africa, August 2008
Actophilornis africanus

Actophilornis africana

Contents

[edit] Identification

23–31 cm (9-12ΒΌ in), mass 115-274 g
Adult:

  • Chestnut upperparts with black wingtips, rear neck and eyestripe
  • White underparts
  • Chestnut belly patch
  • Blue bill extends up as a coot-like head shield
  • Legs and very long toes are grey
  • Eyes are dark brown

Sexes alike but the females are larger than males

[edit] Similar Species

Juvenile Photo © by JohnathanAKRKruger National Park, South Africa, August 2007
Juvenile
Photo © by JohnathanAKR
Kruger National Park, South Africa, August 2007

Immature: is similar to adult Lesser Jacana, but much bigger; above light brown (dark brown in adult Lesser Jacana), below white; breast washed golden (no gold in adult Lesser Jacana); flanks brown; frontal shield small (not visible in field); crown and hind neck blackish brown (crown rufous in adult Lesser Jacana); black line through eye; buff eyebrow (eyebrow of adult Lesser Jacana white, forehead buff).

[edit] Distribution

Widespread thoughout sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland
African Islands: Saint Helena and Madagascar

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by volker sthamerMbamba Swamps, Uganda, July 2018
Photo © by volker sthamer
Mbamba Swamps, Uganda, July 2018

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Lagoons, lakes, pans, river backwaters; usually with fringing vegetation and floating water lilies, Polygonum and other water plants.

[edit] Behaviour

The Jacanas are a group of waders in the order Charadriiformes. Their huge feet and claws enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of insects and worms, with other arthropods such as spiders and crustaceans.

[edit] Breeding

It lays four black-marked brown eggs in a floating nest. A polyandrous species. The males, as in some other wader families like the phalaropes, take responsibility for incubation.

[edit] Movements

It is sedentary apart from seasonal dispersion.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Animal Pictures Archive

[edit] External Links


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