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Black Eagle - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Asian Black Eagle, Indian Black Eagle
Disambiguation: For African Black Eagle see Verreaux's Eagle

Photo © by James Williams
BR Hills, Karnataka, Southern India
Ictinaetus malaiensis

Identification

70-80cm. Black to dark brown, paler on secondaries and scapulars, sometimes white patch on the upper tail coverts, brown eyes, yellow cere and feet.
Sexes similar.
Immatures - dark sepia brown above, buff tipped feathers on crown and nape, upper tail coverts banded with sepia and buff making a pale bar across the base of the tail, golden brown sides of the head, rufous under side as far as the tail coverts, black streaks on breast, some black bars on the tail coverts, buff under-wing.

Photo © by Karim Madoya
National Park, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, August, 2008

Distribution

Southern Asia: breeds in India and Sri Lanka and from the western Himalayas east to southern China and Hainan and south to the Malay Peninsula. Also occurs on Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi and Maluku (Moluccas). Has been recorded in Taiwan and a rare straggler to Pakistan. Resident.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

Two races recognised:

  • I. m. perniger:
  • I. m. malayensis:

Habitat

Tropical forest and lower altitude evergreen hill forests in the Himalayas.

Behaviour

Hunts in slow circular flight over open country and the forest canopy.

Diet

The diet includes birds' eggs and young birds, mammals up to the size of a large rat, bats, and swiftlets.

Breeding

It builds a large nest high up in a big tree, made of small sticks, and lined with green leaves. Pairs often have two nests about a mile apart. They lay a single egg.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

Recommended Citation

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