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Brown Noddy - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies pileatus
Photo © by Peter Day
Lady Elliot Island, Australia, June 2018
Anous stolidus


38–45 cm (15-17¾ in)

  • Dark brown overall plumage
  • Grey crown
  • Whitish forehead


Subspecies plumbeigularis
Photo © by Mike Barth
Kalba, UAE, June 2010

Tropical oceans: Circumglobal.



Subspecies galapagensis
Photo © by bionicsherpa
Galapagos Islands, March 2009

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • A. s. plumbeigularis:
  • Southern Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
  • A. s. pileatus:
  • A. s. galapagensis:
  • A. s. ridgwayi:
  • A. s. stolidus:

A. s. plumbeigularis is usually considered invalid, and sometimes considered a subspecies of A. s. pileatus [2].


Tropical and sub-tropical islands. They are a mainly pelagic species; breeding on oceanic islands.



They are surface feeders; their dies consists almost entirely of small fish and squid.


The nest on cliffs or in trees. A single egg is laid. They nest throughout the year in the Galapagos.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018 and October 2018)

Recommended Citation

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