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Calandra Lark - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Jose Ardaiz
Ablitas (Navarre), Spain, June 2004
Melanocorypha calandra

Identification

17.5–20 cm long

  • Streaked grey brown upperparts
  • White underparts
  • Large black patches on breast sides
  • White supercilium
  • Short broad wings, dark below
  • Short white-edged tail
  • Yellowish-brown bill
Photo by mikeprince
Trujillo, Extremadura, Spain, June 2006

Distribution

Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia
Eastern Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Faroe Islands, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • M. c. calandra:
  • Mediterranean basin to eastern Turkey, north-western Iran, Transcaucasia and Urals
  • M. c. hebraica:
  • M. c. gaza:
  • M. c. psammochroa:

Habitat

Steppe and open cultivation, dry open country, grassland, farmland.

Behaviour

May form sizeable winter flocks.

Movement

Walks or runs. Flight similar to Eurasian Skylark but more bouncy.

Breeding

It nests on the ground. The clutch consists of 4–5 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes seeds supplemented with insects in the breeding season.

Vocalisation

Song: reminiscent of Skylark, but more melodic.
Call: varied. schreeep, treeh or trip, trip.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9

Recommended Citation

External Links

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