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Collared Pratincole - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Mugil
Ulcinj, Montenegro (Adriatic coast), April 2005
Glareola pratincola

Identification

Juvenile
Photo by ody
Kitrous Marshes, Greece, July 2008

22–25 cm (8¾-9¼ in)

  • Brown head, back and wings
  • Buff chin and throat (bordered in summer by a thin black line)
  • Dark wing tips with whitish trailing edges
  • Chestnut underwings
  • White belly and rump
  • Short black-tipped red bill
  • Short black legs
  • Long forked tail

Juvenile: mottled above and lacks the black line.

Similar Species

Black-winged Pratincole is darker overall and lacks the light trailing edge on the wings; the underwing is black.

Oriental Pratincole

Distribution

Summer bird in flight
Photo by sdaly
Barbate, SouthernSpain, June 2005

Southern Palearctic and tropical Africa. Europe, southwest Asia and Africa.
Vagrant to Northern Europe; annual in Britain and Ireland.

Vagrant to the Caribbean (Barbados)[6].

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies1:

  • G. p. pratincola:
  • G. p. erlangeri:
  • G. p. fuelleborni:

Habitat

Autumn bird in flight
Photo by AJDH
Badaan Farm, Bahrain, September 2008

Near water. Open country; mud flats with low vegetation. Also canals, wet meadows and saltpans.

Behaviour

Often crepuscular.

Flight

Rather tern-like when hawking for insects. Flight outline also recalls large hirundine.

Diet

The diet consist mostly of large insects, such as grasshoppers, beetles, locusts, termites and flies which are usually aerially hawked but they also feed on the ground.

Breeding

Breeds colonially. Two to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.

Vocalisation

Call: hard kyik or kittik

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  6. 51st supplement to the AOU checklist of North American birds

Recommended Citation

External Links


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