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Common Redstart

From Opus

Photo by scottishdude Scotland, July, 2016
Photo by scottishdude
Scotland, July, 2016
Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Contents

[edit] Identification

14 cm (5½ in) Rufous tail and rump
Male

  • Grey upperparts
  • White forehead
  • Black face
FemalePhoto by the late Jim WoodEast Lothian, Scotland, 2009
Female
Photo by the late Jim Wood
East Lothian, Scotland, 2009

Female and Immature

  • Upperparts greyish brown
  • Weak pale eyering
  • Buffy underparts

[edit] Similar Species

The males are generally unmistakable, but the females are easily confused with several other species in the genus, notably Moussier's Redstart, which is marginally smaller and shorter tailed.
Female Black Redstarts are darker and duller grey; even the dullest female Common Redstarts have a pale throat and hints of orange in their underparts, unlike Black Redstarts.
Female Rufous-backed Redstart is slightly larger and with pale fringes on its wing feathers, while female Daurian Redstart is more easily distinguished by its white wing patch.
Males of the southern subspecies P. p. samamiscus could possibly be confused with male Daurian Redstarts, but that species has a solid pure white wing patch, not just white fringes.
On the winter quarters, Little Rock Thrush can be confused (see this Birdforum thread for discussion).

[edit] Distribution

JuvenilePhoto by Cristian MihaiBucharest, Romania, July 2009
Juvenile
Photo by Cristian Mihai
Bucharest, Romania, July 2009

In Europe, the nominate subspecies P. p. phoenicurus breeds over much of Britain (except parts of eastern England), rarely in Ireland, and from north and central Spain and France north to most of Scandinavia (except extreme north coast), and east through western Asia to the Lake Baikal area of Russia. Present in a few scattered sites in northwest Africa.

Also a separate southern subspecies P. p. samamiscus in the southern Balkans, most of Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran. May have bred in Cyprus and Syria.

A summer visitor to Europe and Asia, arriving in April-May and departing from late August with some still on passage in October. Passage birds occur throughout North Africa and the Middle East, winters in sub-Saharan Africa.

Vagrants recorded on Bear Island and Iceland and south to the Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Male, Subspecies samamisicusPhoto by volker sthamerLangano, Ethiopia, January 2018
Male, Subspecies samamisicus
Photo by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, January 2018

There are two subspecies[1]:

  • P. p. phoenicurus:
Europe and north Africa to central Asia; winters to tropical Africa. Wing uniform dark brown.
  • P. p. samamisicus: Ehrenberg's Redstart: Differs in having broad white fringes on the tertials and secondaries in the male - plus narrow white fringes on the primaries when not worn, giving a pale wing panel.
Crimea and Caucasus to western Afghanistan; on passage in the Middle East; winters in northeastern Africa and southwest Arabia.

[edit] Habitat

Mainly deciduous or mixed woodland, fairly open, with old trees to provide nest-holes. In some areas also in coniferous woodland, heathland and scrubby areas with scattered large trees. Sometimes in parks and large gardens, occurs in upland areas up to 2000m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The clutch consists of 5-6 light blue eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects which are aerially hawked. Berries, worms and spiders are also taken.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3
  4. Wikipedia
  5. RSPB

[edit] External Links


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