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Dickcissel

From Opus

MalePhoto © by Brian Hubbs  Nebraska, June 2017
Male
Photo © by Brian Hubbs
Nebraska, June 2017
Spiza americana

Contents

[edit] Identification

6" (15 cm)
Male

  • Yellow breast
  • Black 'V' on throat
  • Heavy bill
  • Chestnut wing patch

Female

  • Yellowish throat and breast
  • Narrow streaks on sides

[edit] Similar Species

Adult femalePhoto © by Stanley JonesEast of Golinda, Falls County, Texas, USA, May 2019
Adult female
Photo © by Stanley Jones
East of Golinda, Falls County, Texas, USA, May 2019

Male resembles meadowlark. Female much like female House Sparrow.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds from eastern Montana and Great Lakes region south to Texas and Gulf Coast, locally farther east. Migrates through Central America where some winter, but it winters mainly in northern South America.
Since the 1920s, Dickcissel has begun to reoccupy, at least in small numbers, its former breeding range in the Atlantic Coast states. Overall, though, this species has recently exhibited population declines.

Was once commonly seen on farmland in the eastern states, especially on the Atlantic coastal plain, but disappeard by the middle of the last century and is now most numerous in the Midwest. It appears in small numbers on the East Coast during the fall migration and rarely but regularly in winter at feeders, often with House Sparrows.

[edit] Taxonomy

Female, 1st Spring Photo © by bobsofpaOkeeheelee Park, Lake Worth, Florida, April 2011
Female, 1st Spring
Photo © by bobsofpa
Okeeheelee Park, Lake Worth, Florida, April 2011

This is a monotypic species[1], usually placed in the family Cardinalidae; some authorities have (in the past) placed it in the Icteridae (Blackbirds and Orioles).

[edit] Habitat

Open country in grain or hay fields and in weed patches.

[edit] Behaviour

Perches on stalks to pluck seeds, picks fallen seeds from ground.

[edit] Diet

They are omnivorous during the breeding season, eating insects such as grasshoppers and also vegetable matter.

[edit] Breeding

Their clutch contains 4 or 5 pale blue eggs which are laid in a cup of plant stems and grass set on or near the ground, often in alfalfa and clover fields.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song sounds like dick-dick-cissel, the first two notes being sharp sounds followed by a buzzy, almost hissed cissel; repeated over and over again from a conspicuous perch on a fence, bush, or weed.
Call: a distinctive buzzy note, often given in flight.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2019)
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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