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European Greenfinch - BirdForum Opus

Male
Photo © by silverstreak195
Wallington gardens, Northumberland, 2003
Chloris chloris

Carduelis chloris

Identification

14-16cm
Male varies from bright olive green in summer to a greyer shade of green after moult
Female duller and browner above.

Both have brilliant yellow wing panel.

Distribution

Female
Photo © by postcardcv

Europe, north Africa and south west Asia.

Introduced to New Zealand.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. c. chloris:
  • C. c. voousi:
  • C. c. vanmarli:
juvenile
Photo © by Daniel C. Bradley
Mauerbach, Austria, July 2013
  • C. c. aurantiiventris:
  • C. c. chlorotica:
  • C. c. turkestanica:

A further 4 subspecies, madaraszi, harrisoni, muehlei and bilkevitschi, are not recognised by all authorities[1].

Formerly placed in genus Carduelis.

Habitat

Woodland edges, farmland hedges and gardens and parks.

Behaviour

Photo © by Joe52
Bournemouth, Hampshire, UK, April 2012

Can be aggressive when competing for food, chasing off other smaller birds.

Diet

The diet includes seeds. Regularly visiting garden bird feeders.

Breeding

April to August. Twigs form the base of the nest, upon which is made a bowl of moss lined with grass, rootlets, feathers and wool and is located in a bush or tree. The clutch consists of 4-5 pale blue eggs with reddish-brown spots. Incubation takes about 2 weeks, the chicks fledging after 13-16 days. There may be up to 3 broods in the season.

Vocalisation

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Bird Watching

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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