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Both have brilliant yellow wing panel.
Introduced to New Zealand.
There are 6 subspecies:
A further 4 subspecies, madaraszi, harrisoni, muehlei and bilkevitschi, are not recognised by all authorities.
Formerly placed in genus Carduelis.
Woodland edges, farmland hedges and gardens and parks.
Can be aggressive when competing for food, chasing off other smaller birds.
The diet includes seeds. Regularly visiting garden bird feeders.
April to August. Twigs form the base of the nest, upon which is made a bowl of moss lined with grass, rootlets, feathers and wool and is located in a bush or tree. The clutch consists of 4-5 pale blue eggs with reddish-brown spots. Incubation takes about 2 weeks, the chicks fledging after 13-16 days. There may be up to 3 broods in the season.
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