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Greater Short-toed Lark - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies C. b. longipennis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, February-2018
Calandrella brachydactyla


14–15 cm
A short-billed lark with long tertials


Photo © by Scottishdude
Track by Lucio del Lobo, Sepulveda, Spain, May, 2010

Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Gibraltar, Switzerland, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Balkans, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, GeorgiaSiberia, Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia, China, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, South Korea, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar


Photo © by mikeprince
Belen Plain, Extremadura, Spain, June 2006

Syke's Short-toed Lark was formerly included in this species.


There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • C. b. brachydactyla:
  • Mediterranean environs and islands
  • C. b. hungarica:
  • C. b. rubiginosa:
  • C. b. woltersi:
  • C. b. hermonensis:
  • C. b. artemisiana:
  • Asia Minor, Transcaucasia and north-western Iran
  • C. b. longipennis (orientalis):


Semi-arid farm land, fields, short-grass steppe and desert scrub.



A wide variety of invertebrates, seeds and green vegetable matter.


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  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2014)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

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