- Calandrella brachydactyla
A short-billed lark with long tertials
Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Gibraltar, Switzerland, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Balkans, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, GeorgiaSiberia, Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia, China, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, South Korea, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar
Mongolian Short-toed Lark was formerly included in this species.
There are 7 subspecies:
- C. b. brachydactyla:
- Mediterranean environs and islands
- C. b. hungarica:
- C. b. rubiginosa:
- C. b. woltersi:
- C. b. hermonensis:
- C. b. artemisiana:
- Asia Minor, Transcaucasia and north-western Iran
- C. b. longipennis (orientalis):
Semi-arid farm land, fields, short-grass steppe and desert scrub.
A wide variety of invertebrates, seeds and green vegetable matter.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2014)
- BF Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Greater Short-toed Lark. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 5 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Greater_Short-toed_Lark
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