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Green Bee-eater

From Opus

Alternative name: Little Green Bee-eater

Nominate Subspecies : breeding pair, male (right) giving food to femalePhoto © by Alok Tewari Basai, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, April-2017
Nominate Subspecies : breeding pair, male (right) giving food to female
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, April-2017
Merops orientalis


Contents

[edit] Identification

16-18cm (6ΒΌ-7 in)

  • Green upper parts
  • Head and underpart colours vary according to subspecies
  • Green wings
  • Black beak

Sexes similar

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies M. o. cyanophrysPhoto © by SimonphDubai, UAE, December 2004
Subspecies M. o. cyanophrys
Photo © by Simonph
Dubai, UAE, December 2004

Africa, Middle East and Asia:
Northern Africa: Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda
Middle East: Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Alok TewariGurgaon, Haryana, India, June 2015
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon, Haryana, India, June 2015

There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • M. o. viridissimus :
  • M. o. flavoviridis:
  • Subdesert steppes of Chad to Red Sea coast of Sudan
  • M. o. cleopatra:
  • Nile Valley (Lake Nasser to delta)
  • M. o. cyanophrys:
  • M. o. najdanus:
  • Central Arabian plateau
  • M. o. beludschicus:
  • From the north end of Persian Gulf to Baluchistan and western India
  • M. o. orientalis:
  • M. o. ferrugeiceps:

[edit] Habitat

Juvenile, subspecies M. o. ferrugeicepsPhoto © by NookNa Ngua, Phetchabun, Thailand, June 2017
Juvenile, subspecies M. o. ferrugeiceps
Photo © by Nook
Na Ngua, Phetchabun, Thailand, June 2017

Around water bodies, river sides, open cultivated areas, scrub forests, parks and gardens, open woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They catch bees and other insects in flight and retun to the same perch to batter them to remove the sting before eating.

[edit] Breeding

Nests are made in a tunnel in sandy banks. The 4 to 8 spherical white eggs are incubated by both the male and the female.

[edit] Vocalisation

Subspecies M. o. ferrugeicepsPhoto © by nothinghillThailand, January 2018
Subspecies M. o. ferrugeiceps
Photo © by nothinghill
Thailand, January 2018

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Nazafgarh Wetlands, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, March-2015
A pair, ssp. orientalis, calling while examining a mud-embankment for possible nesting site, early summer-time.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. AvianWeb
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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