Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Green Bee-eater

From Opus

Alternative name: Little Green Bee-eater

Nominate Subspecies : breeding pair, male (right) giving food to femalePhoto © by Alok Tewari Basai, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, April-2017
Nominate Subspecies : breeding pair, male (right) giving food to female
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, April-2017
Merops orientalis


[edit] Identification

Subspecies M. o. cyanophrysPhoto © by SimonphDubai, UAE, December 2004
Subspecies M. o. cyanophrys
Photo © by Simonph
Dubai, UAE, December 2004

16-18cm (6ΒΌ-7 in)

  • Green upper parts
  • Head and underpart colours vary according to subspecies
  • Green wings
  • Black beak

Sexes similar

[edit] Distribution

Africa, Middle East and Asia:
Northern Africa: Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda
Middle East: Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand

[edit] Taxonomy

Juvenile, subspecies M. o. ferrugeicepsPhoto © by NookNa Ngua, Phetchabun, Thailand, June 2017
Juvenile, subspecies M. o. ferrugeiceps
Photo © by Nook
Na Ngua, Phetchabun, Thailand, June 2017

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies M. o. ferrugeicepsPhoto © by nothinghillThailand, January 2018
Subspecies M. o. ferrugeiceps
Photo © by nothinghill
Thailand, January 2018

There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • M. o. viridissimus :
  • M. o. flavoviridis:
  • Subdesert steppes of Chad to Red Sea coast of Sudan
  • M. o. cleopatra:
  • Nile Valley (Lake Nasser to delta)
  • M. o. cyanophrys:
  • M. o. najdanus:
  • Central Arabian plateau
  • M. o. beludschicus:
  • From the north end of Persian Gulf to Baluchistan and western India
  • M. o. orientalis:
  • M. o. ferrugeiceps:

[edit] Habitat

Around water bodies, river sides, open cultivated areas, scrub forests, parks and gardens, open woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They catch bees and other insects in flight and retun to the same perch to batter them to remove the sting before eating.

[edit] Breeding

Nests are made in a tunnel in sandy banks. The 4 to 8 spherical white eggs are incubated by both the male and the female.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Nazafgarh Wetlands, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, March-2015
A pair, ssp. orientalis, calling while examining a mud-embankment for possible nesting site, early summer-time.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. AvianWeb
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.37533092 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 19:11.