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Hill Swallow - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Askar Isabekov
Udumalpet road, Kerala, India, November 2017
Hirundo domicola

Identification

13–14 cm (5-5½ in)

  • Blue back
  • Brown wings and tail
  • Red face and throat
  • Dusky underparts

Sexes similar.
Juveniles are browner.

Similar Species

Similar to Barn Swallow and Welcome Swallow but is shorter and the tail is less forked. Especially compared to Barn Swallow, the lack of dark blue breast band and the presence of dusky flanks are useful (although east Asian Barn Swallow has less extensive breast band than some other subspecies).

Distribution

South India and Sri Lanka.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
It was formerly considered conspecific with Pacific Swallow.

Habitat

Coasts, but is increasingly spreading to forested uplands.

Behaviour

Diet

Diet includes insects, especially flies, while airborne.

Breeding

They build nests of mud and pellets combined with dry grasses on vertical surfaces with overhangs. The clutch contains 3 white eggs with brown spots.

Vocalisation

Call: high pitched tweet in alarm; otherwise a cheerful twittering.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum discussion of id features including this species.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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