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Length 50-65 cm (22½ in), wingspan 85-105 cm (34 in), weight 450-790 g (males), 630-950 g (females)
 Similar species
Far Eastern Curlew, a rare vagrant in Alaska and British Columbia, differs in being marginally larger, and a more buff-brown color, lacking the orangey tones of Long-billed Curlew. Eurasian Curlew, a rare vagrant in the northeast of North America (where Long-billed is also scarce), differs in buff-brown color, and additionally, conspicuously white on the rump, lower back and underwings in flight. Marbled Godwit shares similar plumage pattern and tones, but is obviously smaller and has a straight bill.
Breeds in the west of Canada and the United States, from British Columbia east to Alberta south to northeastern California, Nevada and northern Utah; western Wyoming, most of Montana, western Dakotas, and eastern Colorado and New Mexico; northern Texas. Winters from Oregon and Texas south to southern Mexico and Guatemala. A scarce passage visitor on the Atlantic coast of North America, north to Nova Scotia.
Two subspecies usually accepted1:
Breeds in grasslands and open prairie. Winters on coasts and lowland grasslands.
Nests are located on the ground in open prairie. The female usually lays 4 eggs. Both parents look after the young. Lays April to May, exceptionally late March with replacement nests recorded until early July.
Diet includes insects, but also eat crustaceans in coastal areas.
Typical Cur-lee whistle with rising inflection.
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