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New Caledonian Whistler - BirdForum Opus

Male
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Parc de la Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 22 September 2019
Pachycephala caledonica

Identification

14 - 16cm. (5½-6¼ in.)
Male:

  • Ashy grey crown and side of head
  • Sometimes a trace of a yellow collar on nape
  • Greenish-olive upperparts and tail
  • White chin and throat
  • Narrow dull black breastband
  • Dull yellow rest of underparts
  • Black bill and legs

Female:

  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Greenish-olive tail
  • Off white underparts with breast and side of belly washed light greyish-brown
  • Tinged yellow undertail-coverts

Immatures have prominent rufous markings on wings.

Distribution

New Caledonia, Isle of Pines.
Common in suitable habitat.

Taxonomy

Formerly treated conspecific with Golden Whistler and with Vanuatu Whistler (another split from Golden Whistler)

Subspecies

This is a monotypic species[1]. Former subspecies P. c. littayei on Loyalty Islands (Lifou and Maré) now included in Vanuatu Whistler.

Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes. Occurs from sea-level to 900m.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on insects, takes occasionally seeds and small snails.

Breeding

Breeding season from December to January. The nest is a cup made of fine twigs. It's placed 1.5 to 10.5.m above the ground. Lays 2 white eggs.

Movements

Resident species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). 2019. IOC World Bird List (v9.2). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.9.2. Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
  4. Boles, W. (2019). New Caledonian Whistler (Pachycephala caledonica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59356 on 3 December 2019).
  5. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.

Recommended Citation

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