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Golden Whistler

From Opus

Alternative name: Australian Golden Whistler

Male P. p. pectoralisPhoto by MitconAdelaide, South Australia, September 2005
Male P. p. pectoralis
Photo by Mitcon
Adelaide, South Australia, September 2005
Pachycephala pectoralis

Contents

[edit] Identification

16 - 19cm (6-7½ in).

Female P. p. pectoralisPhoto by Rose FletcherNangawooka Flora Reserve, Victor Harbor, South Australia, April 2008
Female P. p. pectoralis
Photo by Rose Fletcher
Nangawooka Flora Reserve, Victor Harbor, South Australia, April 2008
  • Black head, nape and band around upper breast
  • White throat
  • Yellow nape extending to breast and underparts
  • Olive-green back
  • Females have brownish-grey upperparts
  • xanthoprocta with brownish-grey head, chin, throat and upperparts and only slightly yellow on underparts
  • Similar to Black-tailed Whistler from northern Australia but note black tail in latter

[edit] Distribution

Australia.
Common in most of its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

Has been considered conspecific with some other Whistlers, especially with Black-tailed Whistler, Tongan Whistler, New Caledonian Whistler, Vanuatu Whistler, Oriole Whistler, Rusty-breasted Whistler, Black-chinned Whistler, Bismarck Whistler, Western Whistler, Baliem Whistler and Banda Sea Whistler.

Male P. p. xanthoproctaPhoto by OzVMount Pitt, Norfolk Island, June 2005
Male P. p. xanthoprocta
Photo by OzV
Mount Pitt, Norfolk Island, June 2005

Norfolk Island Whistler (P. p. xanthoprocta) has been proposed as a full species and other subspecies have been included in other species.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • P. p. pectoralis:
Immature male (rufous on wings}Photo by julienEagle Point, Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, Australia, March 2006
Immature male (rufous on wings}
Photo by julien
Eagle Point, Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, Australia, March 2006
  • P. p. youngi:
  • P. p. glaucura:
  • Tasmania and Flinders Island (Bass Strait)
  • P. p. fuliginosa:
  • P. p. contempta:
  • Lord Howe Island
  • P. p. xanthoprocta:
  • Norfolk Island

[edit] Habitat

Very varied in the type of forest and scrub habitat acceptable, from rainforest and mangrove to gardens to dry scrub.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on insects and spiders.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season is mainly August to January. The nest is a cup made of twigs, grass, plant stems and other material. It's usually placed around 3m above the ground. Lays 2 - 3 eggs. Brood parasitism by Pallid Cuckoo, Fan-tailed Cuckoo and Brush Cuckoo reported.

[edit] Movements

Subspecies contemptaPhoto by Mat & CathyLord Howe Island, December 2007
Subspecies contempta
Photo by Mat & Cathy
Lord Howe Island, December 2007

Resident species. Some Australian populations known to make altitudinal movements.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
  3. Simpson, K and N Day. 1998. Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-4877-5
  4. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.1). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

[edit] External Links


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