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58â€“65 cm (22Â¾-25Â½ in)
Juveniles - mottled brown, pale face, pink bill with black tip.
Native to the coasts of Australia. The nominate eastern race prefers sheltered beaches, while the western race georgii is commonly found on exposed shores.
There are two subspecies:
Sandy, or rocky coasts and sandy beaches. Rarely travels far inland. They occasionally visit farmland and rubbish tips.
These birds are often solitary or in pairs. They build either a scrape in the ground lined with stones and gravel, or a shallow bowl made of grass, seaweed, feathers and sticks, as their nest. Their clutch contains 2-3 mottled brown eggs which the female incubates while the male forages for food.
Their diet consists of fish, squid and molluscs foraged in the intertidal zone. They also take crabs, fish offal and carrion.
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