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Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush

From Opus

Subspecies G. r. occidentalisPhoto © by Alok TewariDist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5500 ft., India, October-2018
Subspecies G. r. occidentalis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5500 ft., India, October-2018
Garrulax rufogularis

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies G. r. occidentalis, showing undertailPhoto © by Shantilal VaruSat Tal, Utrakhand, India, October 2014
Subspecies G. r. occidentalis, showing undertail
Photo © by Shantilal Varu
Sat Tal, Utrakhand, India, October 2014

23 - 25.5 cm (9-10 in). A fairly large, variable laughingthrush.

  • Black crown
  • Black subterminal tail-band
  • Brown, heavily scaled upperparts
  • Greyish underparts with black spots
  • Prominent pale buff lore-spot
  • Broad black moustache
  • Rufous vent

Amount of rufous on chin highly variable.

[edit] Distribution

Found in the Himalayas from Pakistan over India and Nepal to Bhutan, adjacent south China and in the hills of Burma. A disjunct population in northern Vietnam.
Probably extinct in Pakistan. Generally uncommon and easily overlooked.

[edit] Taxonomy

Also placed in the genus Ianthocincla.

[edit] Subspecies

Six to seven subspecies recognized[1]:

  • G. r. occidentalis from northeast Pakistan over north India to western Nepal. Grosvenori is merged in this subspecies.
  • G. r. rufogularis from central Nepal east to Bhutan and northeast India (Arunachal Pradesh)
  • G. r. rufitinctus in Meghalaya (northeast India)
  • G. r. rufiberbis from southeast Arunachal Pradesh (India) to north and northeast Burma and south China (Yunnan)
  • G. r. assamensis in the northeast Indian hill states (except Meghalaya) and northwest Burma
  • G. r. intensior in northwest Vietnam

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes with dense undergrowth. Found from 600m to 1980m, locally higher.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on insects, berries and seeds.
Forages on or close to the ground in small family groups. Not so gregarious as other laughingthrushes.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from April to September in India and Bhutan. The nest is a deep cup made of creeper tendrils, twigs, roots, scraps of bracken, dead leaves and grasses. It's placed in a fork of a bush or a tree, 0.6 to 6m above the ground. Lays 2 - 4 eggs. Parasitized by Chestnut-winged Cuckoo and Large Hawk-Cuckoo.

[edit] Movements

Resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
  3. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672

[edit] External Links


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