Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Southern Rough-winged Swallow

From Opus

Subspecies uropygialisPhoto © by petersheikhliMindo, Ecuador, March 2004
Subspecies uropygialis
Photo © by petersheikhli
Mindo, Ecuador, March 2004
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies ruficollisPhoto © by Celso ParisSorocaba, Sao Paulo, South East Brazil, 2016
Subspecies ruficollis
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, South East Brazil, 2016

13 cm (5 in)

  • Brown upperparts
  • Black wings and tail
  • Pale grey rump
  • RRufous or cinnamon throat and upper breast
  • Yellowish-white lower underparts
  • Slightly forked tail

They have serrated edges to the outer primary feathers, hence the name "rough-winged".

[edit] Variation

The birds in Central America often give an impression of a rump of pale cinnamon color rather than the gray seen further south.

[edit] Similar species

It is similar in appearance to the Northern Rough-winged Swallow which is more uniform in colour, particularly on the rump but also throat.

[edit] Distribution

From Honduras through Central and South America to Trinidad, Peru, northern Argentina, and Uruguay (but not Chile).

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Four subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • S. r. uropygialis:
  • S. r. decolor:
  • S. r. aequalis:
  • S. r. ruficollis:

[edit] Habitat

Open areas and forest clearings, especially near water. Generally below 1000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in cavities such as holes in banks or walls, or disused kingfisher and jacamar nests. These cavities are lined with grass for the clutch of 3-6 white eggs. They are incubated by the female for 16-18 days requiring another 13 days to fledging.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects such as flies, beetles, bugs and flying ants. They generally feed alone or in small groups.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)

[edit] External Links

Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.25282407 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 01:15.