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Southern Rough-winged Swallow

From Opus

Subspecies uropygialisPhoto © by petersheikhliMindo, Ecuador, March 2004
Subspecies uropygialis
Photo © by petersheikhli
Mindo, Ecuador, March 2004
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis


[edit] Identification

Subspecies ruficollisPhoto © by Celso ParisSorocaba, Sao Paulo, South East Brazil, 2016
Subspecies ruficollis
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, South East Brazil, 2016

13 cm (5 in)

  • Brown upperparts
  • Black wings and tail
  • Pale grey rump
  • RRufous or cinnamon throat and upper breast
  • Yellowish-white lower underparts
  • Slightly forked tail

They have serrated edges to the outer primary feathers, hence the name "rough-winged".

[edit] Variation

The birds in Central America often give an impression of a rump of pale cinnamon color rather than the gray seen further south.

[edit] Similar species

It is similar in appearance to the Northern Rough-winged Swallow which is more uniform in colour, particularly on the rump but also throat.

[edit] Distribution

From Honduras through Central and South America to Trinidad, Peru, northern Argentina, and Uruguay (but not Chile).

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Four subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • S. r. uropygialis:
  • S. r. decolor:
  • S. r. aequalis:
  • S. r. ruficollis:

[edit] Habitat

Open areas and forest clearings, especially near water. Generally below 1000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in cavities such as holes in banks or walls, or disused kingfisher and jacamar nests. These cavities are lined with grass for the clutch of 3-6 white eggs. They are incubated by the female for 16-18 days requiring another 13 days to fledging.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects such as flies, beetles, bugs and flying ants. They generally feed alone or in small groups.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)

[edit] External Links


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