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Thrush Nightingale

From Opus

Photo by Pavlik Saratov area, Russia, May, 2004
Photo by Pavlik
Saratov area, Russia, May, 2004
Luscinia luscinia


[edit] Identification

16–17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)

  • Plain greyish-brown upperparts
  • Grey to white below
  • Brownish breast

Sexes are similar.

[edit] Similar Species

Much duller and greyer than Common Nightingale.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in northern Europe and Asia, wintering in eastern and southern Africa.
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Egypt
Western Africa: Togo, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Wetland forests, scrub and dense, damp thickets (especially alder, hazel and birch)

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The nest is well hidden, near the ground, in dense thickets.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, spiders, some fruit. Forages in leaf litter.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song is similar to the Common Nightingale but louder and lacking the crescendo. It's a series of tongue-clicking and gurgling notes.

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. BTO BirdFacts
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

[edit] External Links


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