[ edit] Identification
16â€“17 cm (6Â¼-6Â¾ in)
Plain greyish-brown upperparts
Grey to white below
Sexes are similar.
[ edit] Similar Species
Much duller and greyer than
[ edit] Distribution
Breeds in northern
Europe and Asia, wintering in eastern and southern Africa.
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Egypt
Western Africa: Togo, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
[ edit] Taxonomy
This is a
monotypic species .
[ edit] Habitat
Wetland forests, scrub and dense, damp thickets (especially alder, hazel and birch)
[ edit] Behaviour
[ edit] Breeding
The nest is well hidden, near the ground, in dense thickets.
The diet includes insects, spiders, some fruit. Forages in leaf litter.
[ edit] Vocalisation
Song is similar to the Common Nightingale but louder and lacking the crescendo. It's a series of tongue-clicking and gurgling notes.
Listen in an external program
[ edit] References
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
[ edit] External Links