• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Thrush Nightingale - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Pavlik
Saratov area, Russia, May, 2004
Luscinia luscinia

Identification

16–17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)

  • Plain greyish-brown upperparts
  • Grey to white below
  • Brownish breast

Sexes are similar.

Similar Species

Much duller and greyer than Common Nightingale.

Distribution

Breeds in northern Europe and Asia, wintering in eastern and southern Africa.
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Egypt
Western Africa: Togo, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Wetland forests, scrub and dense, damp thickets (especially alder, hazel and birch)

Behaviour

Breeding

The nest is well hidden, near the ground, in dense thickets.

Diet

The diet includes insects, spiders, some fruit. Forages in leaf litter.

Vocalisation

Song is similar to the Common Nightingale but louder and lacking the crescendo. It's a series of tongue-clicking and gurgling notes.

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. BTO BirdFacts
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Recommended Citation

External Links


Top