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Common Ground Dove - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 15:52, 13 November 2023 by Sbarnhardt (talk | contribs) (Add subspecies ''albivitta'' image by njlarsen to Habitat, Edit njlarsen nigrirostris size to 350px from 300px)
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Subspecies insularis
Photo © by jdbirdman
Cuba, 2003
Columbina passerina


Photo © by bobsofpa
Fort DeSoto Park, Florida, USA, April 2008

16-18 cm (6¼-7 in)
Wt. 32g (1oz)

  • Tiny
  • Short-tailed
  • Grey-brown back and upperwings
  • Black spotting on wing coverts
  • Scaly appearance on breast and head
  • Centrally brown tail with black edges and white corners
  • Orange bill tipped black


  • Pink head, neck and breast
  • Pink, unscaled belly
  • Blue nape

Female & Immature

  • Light grey where male is pink
  • Grey nape


In flight, the underwings show extensive chestnut colouration. Flight is fast and direct, with regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons in general.


Subspecies nigrirostris
Photo © by njlarsen
Dominica, August 2004

It is a resident breeder from Bermuda, through the southmost USA, Mexico and the Caribbean, to South America, and is found as far south as northern Brazil.



There are 18 subspecies[1]

Male and Female, subspecies jamaicensis
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Montego Bay, Cornwall State, St. James Parish, Jamaica, November 2010


Subspecies albivitta
Photo © by NJ Larsen
El Camarones, Guajira, Colombia, 28 August 2023

Dry sandy scrub, fields, forest edge, woodland with developed open areas, farms, open country and towns.


Subspecies pallescens
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Laguna Seca Ranch, north of Edingburg, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2019


Their main diet consists of a variety of small seeds from grass, weeds and also pine and sedge seeds. Apart from this there is little more known.


They build a flimsy stick nest in a tree. Their clutch contains two white eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2019)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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